Photo: Chez

Professor, Ocean and Climate Change                                                            ORCID ID:

2012 Australian Laureate Fellow      [topic]

2010 Royal Society - Wolfson Research Merit Award      [topic]

Associate Director (Ocean & Climate Geoscience)

Research School of Earth Sciences

The Australian National University

Acton 2601,  Canberra                                                           


New coral sea-level database (Hibbert et al., 2016 QSR) continuously maintained version

Popular scientific account of the principles, techniques, and results of past environmental reconstruction in the Mediterranean:

The dark secret of the Mediterranean - a case history in past environmental reconstruction

Back to SOESresearch interestsOther                        Personal                       Google Scholar profile 

ResID number B-9736-2008. NB, ResID does not seem to find all publications

Globigerinoides ruber, a common subtropical planktonic foraminifer that is much used in stable isotope research. True size 300µm.

            More Photos of Fossils (including foraminifera)

Photos: Chez Eelco coffee house (Nelson, New Zealand), courtesy of Cathy Allen; Clogs (Keukenhof, NL), courtesy of Andrew Roberts; G. ruber (Red Sea), courtesy of Mia Fenton

            Earth Image

Click image to download Google Earth file of study sites, with active links to papers.
Red = RESET project; Green = Clathrates project; Blue = previous work;
Grey = general placeholder; Green square = modern environment study.


[1988] [1989] [1990] [1991] [1992] [1993] [1994] [1995]
[1996] [1997] [1998] [1999] [2000] [2001] [2002] [2003]
[2004] [2005] [2006] [2007] [2008] [2009] [2010] [2011]
[2012] [2013] [2014] [2015] [2016] [submitted]

[1] Drooger, C.W. and Rohling, E.J. Lepidocyclina migration across the Atlantic. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad., Ser.B, 91 (1), 39-52. 1988.

[2] Rohling, E.J. and Gieskes, W.W.C. Late Quaternary changes in Mediterranean Intermediate Water density and formation rate. Paleoceanography, 4, 531-545. 1989. pdf

[3] Rohling, E.J. A simple two-layered model for shoaling of the eastern Mediterranean pycnocline due to glacio-eustatic sea-level lowering. Paleoceanography, 6, 537-541, 1991. pdf

[4] Rohling, E.J. Shoaling of the eastern Mediterranean pycnocline due to reduction of excess evaporation: implications for sapropel formation. Paleoceanography, 6, 747-753, 1991. pdf

[5] Rohling, E.J., and Hilgen, F.J. The eastern Mediterranean climate at times of sapropel formation: a review. Geologie en Mijnbouw, 70, 253-264, 1991. pdf

[6] Rohling, E.J., Zachariasse, W.J, and Brinkhuis, H. A terrestrial scenario for the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary collapse of the marine pelagic ecosystem. Terra Nova, 3, 41-48, 1991.

[6] Rohling, E.J., and Bryden, H.L. Man-induced salinity and temperature increases in Western Mediterranean Deep Water. Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 11,191-11,198, 1992. pdf

[7] Barmawidjaja, D.M., Rohling, E.J., Van der Kaars, W.A., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zachariasse, W.J. Glacial conditions in the northern Molucca Sea region (Indonesia). Paleogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 101, 147-167, 1993.  pdf

[8] Jorissen, F.J., Asioli, A., Borsetti, A.M., Capotondi, De Visser, J.P., Hilgen, F.J., Rohling, E.J., Van der Borg, K., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zachariasse, W.J. Late Quaternary central Mediterranean biochronology. Marine Micropaleontology, 21, 169-189, 1993.   pdf

[9] Rohling, E.J., Jorissen, F.J., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zachariasse, W.J. Northern Levantine and Adriatic Quaternary planktic foraminifera; Reconstruction of paleoenvironmental gradients. Marine Micropaleontology, 21, 191-218, 1993.   pdf

[10] Rohling, E.J., De Stigter, H.C., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zaalberg, R. Temporary repopulation by low-oxygen tolerant benthic foraminifera within an upper Pliocene sapropel; Evidence for the role of oxygen depletion in the formation of sapropels. Marine Micropaleontology, 22, 207-219, 1993.   pdf

[11] Van Os, B., and Rohling, E.J. Oxygen isotope depletions in eastern Mediterranean sapropels exclude circulation reversal. In: B. Van Os, Primary and diagenetic signals in Mediterranean sapropels and North Atlantic Turbidites. Geologica Ultraiectina, 109, 3-12, 1993.

[12] Rohling, E.J., and Bryden, H.L. Estimating past changes in the eastern Mediterranean freshwater budget, using reconstructions of sea level and hydrography. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad., Ser.B., 97, 201-217, 1994. pdf

[13] Rohling, E.J. Glacial conditions in the Red Sea. Paleoceanography ("Currents"), 9, 653-660, 1994. pdf

[14] Rohling, E.J. Review and new aspects concerning the formation of Mediterranean sapropels. Marine Geology, 122, 1-28, 1994. pdf

[15] Rohling, E.J., Den Dulk, M., Pujol, C., and Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., Abrupt hydrographic change in the Alboran Sea (western Mediterranean) around 8000 yrs BP. Deep-Sea Research, 42, 1609-1619, 1995. pdf

[16] Rohling, E.J., and Zachariasse, W.J. Red Sea outflow during the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary International, 31, 77-83, 1996. pdf

[17] Lane-Serff, G.F., Rohling, E.J., Bryden, H.L., and Charnock, H. Post-glacial connection of the Black Sea to the Mediterranean and its relation to the timing of sapropel formation. Paleoceanography ("Currents"), 12, 169-174, 1997.pdf

[18] Rohling, E.J., Jorissen, F.J., De Stigter, H.C. 200 Year interruption of Holocene sapropel formation in the Adriatic Sea. J. Micropal., 16, 97-108, 1997. pdf

[19] Targarona, J., Alonso, B., Brinkhuis, H., Canals, M., Rohling, E.J., and Versteegh, G.J.M. Productivity variations in the Alboran Sea over the last 20,000 years from Protoperidinium dinoflagellate cyst records. LPP Contributions, 7, 43-66, 1997.

[20] Rohling, E.J. Mutual influencing between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea during the Quaternary. In: Meco, J. and Petit-Maire, N., Proceedings of the IUGS-UNESCO CLIP IV meeting, Canary Islands. Univ. of Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain, 141-149, 1997.

[21] Zachariasse, W.J., Jorissen, F.J., Perissoratis, C., Rohling, E.J., and Tsapralis, V. Late Quaternary foraminiferal changes and the nature of sapropel S1 in Skopelos Basin. Proceedings 5th Hellenic symposium on Oceanography and Fisheries, Kavalla, Greece, 15-18 April, 1997, Vol. 1, 391-394, 1997.

[22] Rohling, E.J., and Bigg, G.R. Paleo-salinity and δ18O: a critical assessment. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1307-1318, 1998. pdf

[23] Rohling, E.J., Fenton, M., Jorissen, F.J., Bertrand, P., Ganssen, G., and Caulet, J.P. Magnitudes of sea-level lowstands of the past 500,000 years. Nature, 394, 162-165, 1998. pdf    News & Views

[24] Rohling, E.J., Hayes, A., Kroon, D., De Rijk, S., and Zachariasse, W.J. Abrupt cold spells in the NW Mediterranean. Paleoceanography ("Currents"), 13, 316-322, 1998. pdf

[25] Myers, P., Haines, K., and Rohling, E.J. Modelling the paleo-circulation of the Mediterranean: The last glacial maximum and the Holocene with emphasis on the formation of sapropel S1. Paleoceanography, 13, 586-606, 1998. pdf

[26] De Rijk, S. and Rohling, E.J., A palaeo-oceanographic and palaeo-climate database of the Mediterranean Sea. [CD-ROM] Proceedings of the Ocean Data Symposium, 15-18 October 1997, Dublin, 1998.

[27] Rohling, E.J. and Thunell, R.C., Five decades of Mediterranean paleoclimate and sapropel studies. Marine Geology, 153, 7-10, 1999. pdf

[28] Hayes, A., Rohling, E.J., De Rijk, S., and Zachariasse, W.J., Mediterranean planktonic foraminiferal faunas during the last glacial cycle. Marine Geology, 153, 239-252, 1999. pdf

[29] Rohling, E.J., and De Rijk. S., The Holocene Climate Optimum and Last Glacial Maximum in the Mediterranean: the marine oxygen isotope record. Marine Geology, 153, 57-75, 1999. pdf

[30] Rohling, E.J., and De Rijk. S., Erratum to "The Holocene Climate Optimum and Last Glacial Maximum in the Mediterranean: the marine oxygen isotope record." Marine Geology, 161, 385-387, 1999. pdf

[31] Rutten, A., De Lange, G.J., Hayes, A., Rohling, E.J., De Jong, A.F.M., and Van der Borg, K., Deposition of sapropel S1 sediments in oxic pelagic and anoxic brine environments in the eastern Mediterranean; differences in diagenesis and preservation. Marine Geology, 153, 319-335, 1999. pdf

[32] De Rijk, S., Rohling, E.J., and Hayes, A., Onset of climatic deterioration in the eastern Mediterranean around 7 ky BP; micropalaeontological data from Mediterranean sapropel interruptions. Marine Geology, 153, 337-343, 1999. pdf

[33] De Rijk, S., Troelstra, S., and Rohling, E.J., Modern benthic foraminifera from Mediterranean surface sediments. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 29, 93-103, 1999.

[34] Poulos, S.E., Lykousis, V., Collins, M.B., Rohling, E.J., and Pattiaratchi, C.B., Sedimentation processes in a tectonically active environment: the Kerkyra-Kephalonia submarine valley system (NE Ionian Sea). Marine Geology, 160, 25-44, 1999. pdf

[35] Rohling, E.J. and Cooke, S. Stable oxygen and carbon isotope ratios in foraminiferal carbonate, chapter 14 in B.K. Sen Gupta (ed.) Modern Foraminifera, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp.239-258, 1999.

[36] Rohling, E.J., Environmental controls on Mediterranean salinity and δ18O. Paleoceanography, 14, 706-715, 1999. pdf

[37] Myers, P.G., and Rohling, E.J., Modelling a 200 year interruption of the Holocene sapropel S1. Quaternary Research, 53, 98-104, 2000. pdf

[38] Rohling, E.J., Paleosalinity: confidence limits and future applications. Marine Geology, 163, 1-11, 2000. pdf

[39] Bigg, G.R., and Rohling, E.J., An oxygen isotope data set for marine waters. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 8527-8535, 2000. pdf

[40] Schmidt, G.A., Bigg G.R., and Rohling, E.J., Global Seawater Oxygen-18 Database,,1999.

[41] Thomson, J., Nixon, S., Summerhayes, C.P., Rohling, E.J., Schoenfeld, J., Zahn, R., Grootes, P., Abrantes, F., Gaspar, L., and Vaqueiro, S., Enhanced productivity on the Iberian margin during glacial/interglacial transitions revealed by barium and diatoms. Geological Society Special Publication, 157, 667-677, 2000. pdf

[42] Rohling, E.J., Fossil shore lines show recent flood. Times Higher Education Supplement, 28 July, 26, 2000.

[43] Rohling, E.J., De Rijk, S., Myers, P.G., and Haines, K., Palaeoceanography and numerical modelling: The Mediterranean Sea at times of sapropel formation, in Hart, M.B. (ed.) "Climates: Past and Present", Geological Society Special Publication, 181, 135-149, 2000.

[44] Fenton, M., Geiselhart, S., Rohling, E.J., and Hemleben, C., Aplanktonic zones in the Red Sea. Marine Micropaleontology, 40, 277-294, 2000. pdf

[45] De Rijk, S., Jorissen, F.J., Rohling, E.J., and Troestra, S.R., Organic flux control on bathymetric zonation of Mediterranean benthic foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology, 40, 151-166, 2000. pdf

[46] Jorissen, F.J and Rohling, E.J., Faunal perspectives on paleoproductivity. Marine Micropaleontology, 40, 131-134, 2000. pdf

[47] Mercone, D., Thomson, J., Abu-Zied, R.H., Croudace, I.W., and Rohling, E.J., High-resolution geochemical and micropalaeontological profiling of the most recent eastern Mediterranean sapropel. Marine Geology, 177, 25-44, 2001. pdf

[48] Cooke, S., and Rohling, E.J., Stable isotopes in foraminiferal carbonate, Southampton Oceanography Centre Internal Document, 72, 56pp., 2001.

[49] Casford, J.S.L., Abu-Zied, R., Rohling, E.J., Cooke, S., Boessenkool, K.P., Brinkhuis, H., De Vries, C., Wefer, G., Geraga, M., Papatheodorou, G., Croudace, I., Thomson, J., Wells, N.C., and Lykousis, V. Mediterranean climate variability during the Holocene. Mediterranean Marine Science, 2, 45-55, 2001. pdf

[49] Rohling, E.J., The dark secret of the Mediterranean - a case history in past environmental reconstruction, November 2001.

[50] Rohling, E.J., Mayewski, P.A., Hayes, A., Abu-Zied, R.H., and Casford, J.S.L., Holocene atmosphere-ocean interactions: records from Greenland and the Aegean Sea. Climate Dynamics, 18, 587-593, 2002. pdf    foram abundance DATA    Isotope DATA

[51] Wadley, M.R., Bigg, G.R., Rohling, E.J., and Payne, A.J., On modelling present day and last glacial maximum oceanic δ18O distributions. Global and Planetary Change, 32, 89-109, 2002. pdf

[52] Rohling, E.J., Casford, J., Abu-Zied, R., Cooke, S., Mercone, D., Thomson, J., Croudace, I., Jorissen, F.J., Brinkhuis, H., Kallmeyer, J., and Wefer, G., Rapid Holocene climate changes in the eastern Mediterranean, in F. Hassan (ed.) Droughts, Food and Culture: Ecological Change  and Food Security in Africa's Later Prehistory, pp. 35-46, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, London, 2002.

[53] Cane, T., Rohling, E.J., Kemp, A.E.S., Cooke, S., and Pearce, R.B., High-resolution stratigraphic framework for Mediterranean sapropel S5: defining temporal relationships between records of Eemian climate variability. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 183, 87-101, 2002. pdf

[54] Casford, J.S.L., Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied,R., Cooke, S., Fontanier, C., Leng, M., and Lykousis,V., Circulation changes and nutrient concentrations in the Late Quaternary Aegean Sea: A non-steady state concept for sapropel formation. Paleoceanography, 17, 2000PA000601, pp. 14.1-14.11, 2002. pdf

[55] Rohling, E.J., Cane, T.R., Cooke, S., Sprovieri, M., Bouloubassi, I., Emeis, K.C., Schiebel, R., Kroon, D., Jorissen, F.J., Lorre, A., and Kemp, A.E.S. African monsoon variability during the previous interglacial maximum. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 202, 61-75, 2002. pdf    Isotope DATA    971A alkenone DATA

[56] Siddall, M., Smeed, D., Mathiessen, S., and Rohling, E.J., Modelling the seasonal cycle of the exchange flow in Bab-el-Mandab (Red Sea). Deep-Sea Research I, 49, 1551-1569, 2002. pdf

[57] Casford, J.S.L., Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied, R.H.., Jorissen, F.J., Leng, M., and Thomson, J. A dynamic concept for eastern Mediterranean circulation and oxygenation during sapropel formation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 190, 103-119, 2003. pdf

[58] Dinarès-Turell, J., Hoogakker, B.A.A., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., and Sagnotti, L., Quaternary climatic control of biogenic magnetite production and eolian dust input in cores from the Mediterranean Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 190, 195-209, 2003. pdf

[59] Rohling, E.J., Mayewski, P.A., and Challenor, P., On the timing and mechanism of millennial-scale climate variability during the last glacial cycle. Climate Dynamics, 20, 257-267, 2003. pdf

[60] Sprovieri, M., Sacchi, M., and Rohling, E.J. Climatically influenced interactions between the Mediterranean and the Paratethys during the Tortonian. Paleoceanography, 18, PA1034, doi 10.1029/2001PA000750, 2003. pdf

[61] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., Almogi-Labin, A., Hemleben, Ch., Meischner, D., Schmeltzer, I., and Smeed, D.A., Sea-level fluctuations during the last glacial cycle. Nature, 423, 853-858, 2003. pdf    News & Views

[62] Myers, P.G., Wielki, C., Goldstein, S.B., and Rohling, E.J. Hydraulic calculations of postglacial connections between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Marine Geology, 201, 253-267, 2003. pdf

[63] Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Winklhofer, M., and Wehausen, R. Three million years of monsoon variability over the northern Sahara. Climate Dynamics, 21, 689-698, 2003. pdf

[64] Rohling, E.J., Sprovieri, M., Cane, T.R., Casford, J.S.L., Cooke, S., Bouloubassi, I., Emeis, K.C., Schiebel, R., Hayes, A., Jorissen, F.J., and Kroon, D. Reconstructing past planktic foraminiferal habitats using stable isotope data: a case history for Mediterranean sapropel S5, Marine Micropaleontology, 50, 89-123, 2004. pdf    KS205 DATA

[65] Scrivner, A.E., Vance, D., and Rohling, E.J. New neodymium isotope data quantify Nile involvement in Mediterranean anoxic episodes, Geology, 32, 565-568, 2004. pdf

[66] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., Weaver, P.P.E., and Murray, J.W., The Azores front since the last glacial maximum, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 222, 779-789, 2004. pdf

[67] Rohling, E.J., Marsh, R., Wells, N.C., Siddall, M., and Edwards, N., Similar melt-water contributions to glacial sea-level variability from Antarctic and northern ice sheets, Nature, 430, 1016-1021, 2004. pdf    Science News interview  

[68] Siddall, M., Smeed, D.A., Hemleben, Ch., Rohling, E.J., Schmeltzer, I., and Peltier, W.R., Understanding the Red Sea response to sea level, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 225, 421-434, 2004. pdf

[69] Hoogakker, B.AA., Rothwell, R.G., Rohling, E.J., Paterne, M., and Stow, D.A.V., Variations in terrigenous dilution in western Mediterranean Sea pelagic sediments in response to climate change during the last glacial cycle, Marine Geology, 211, 21-43, 2004. pdf

[70] Mayewski, P.A., Rohling, E.J., Stager, J.C., Karlén, W., Maasch, K., Meeker, L.D., Meyerson, E., Gasse, F., Van Kreveld, S., Holmgren, K., Lee-Thorp. J., Rosqvist, G., Rack, F., Staubwasser, M., Schneider, R.R., Steig, E., Holocene Climate Variability, Quaternary Research, 62, 243-255, 2004. pdf     LC21 Warm-Cold DATA

[71] Hayes, A., Kucera, M., Kallel, N., Sbaffi, L., and Rohling, E.J., Glacial Mediterranean sea surface temperatures reconstructed from planktonic foraminiferal assemblages, Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 999-1016, 2005. pdf

[72] Rohling, E.J. and Pälike, H., Centennial-scale climate cooling with a sudden cold event around 8,200 years ago, Nature, 434, 975-979, 2005. pdf

[73] Maasch, K.A., Mayewski, P.A., Rohling, E.J., Stager, J.C., Karlen, W., Meeker, L.D., and Meyerson, E.A., A 2000 year context for modern climate change, Geografiska Annaler, 87A, 7-15, 2005. pdf

[74] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., Weaver, P.P.E., and Murray, J.W., Glacial to Interglacial Changes in the Settling Depth of the Mediterranean Outflow Plume, Paleoceanography, 20, PA3007, doi10.1029/2004PA001106, 2005. pdf

[75] Postlethwaite, C., Rohling, E.J., Jenkins, W.J., and Walker, C.F., A tracer study of deep water formation and ventilation in the Japan/East Sea, Deep-Sea Research II, 52, 1684-1704, 2005. pdf

[76] Rohling, E.J., and Dickens, G.R., Editorial: Welcome from the new Editors. Paleoceanography, 21, PA1000, doi:10.1029/2006PA001272, 2006. pdf

[77] Fernandes, C., Rohling, E.J., and Siddall, M., Absence of Quaternary Red Sea land bridges: biogeographic implications. Journal of Biogeography, 33, 961-966, 2006. pdf

[78] Rohling, E.J., Hopmans, E.C., and Sinninghe-Damste, J.S., Water column dynamics during the last interglacial anoxic event in the Mediterranean (sapropel S5). Paleoceanography, 21, PA2018, doi:10.1029/2005PA001237, 2006. pdf    971A organics DATA   971A C/N DATA

[79] Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Hayes, A., Wehausen, R., and Rohling, E.J., Detecting missing beats in the Mediterranean climate rhythm from magnetic identification of oxidized sapropels (Ocean Drilling Program Leg 160). Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 156, 283-293, 2006. pdf

[80] Hoogakker, B.A.A., Rohling, E.J., Palmer, M.R., Tyrrell, T., and Rothwell, R.G. Underlying causes for long-term global ocean δ13C fluctuations over the last 1.2 Ma. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 248, 15-29, 2006. pdf

[81] Siddall, M., Bard, E., Rohling, E.J., and Hemleben, Ch., Sea-level reversal during Termination II. Geology, 34, 817-820, 2006. pdf

[82] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., and Weaver, P.P.E., Promotion of meridional overturning by Mediterranean-derived salt during the last deglaciation. Paleoceanography, 21, PA4101, doi:10.1029/2006PA001306, 2006. pdf

[83] Rogerson, M., Weaver, P.P.E., Rohling, E.J., Lourens, L.J., Murray, J.W., and Hayes, A., Colour logging as a tool in high-resolution palaeoceanography, in: Rothwell, R.G. (ed.) "New techniques in sediment core analysis". Geological Society Special Publication, 267, 99-112, 2006. pdf

[84] Stanford, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Hunter, S.E., Roberts, A.P., Rasmussen, S.O., Bard, E., McManus, J., and Fairbanks, R.G., Timing of meltwater pulse 1a and climate responses to meltwater injections. Paleoceanography, 21,  PA4103, doi:10.1029/2006PA001340, 2006. pdf    Science editor's choice  

[85] Rohling, E.J., Oxygen isotope composition of seawater. In, Elias, S.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (Vol. 3), Elsevier, 1748-1756 (published 2006, copyright date 2007). pdf

[86] Marsh, R., Hazeleger, W., Yool, W., and Rohling, E.J. Long-term fate of the thermohaline circulation under two alternative controls on salinity. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L03605, doi:10.1029/2006GL027815, 2007. pdf

[87] Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Rijpstra, W.I., Sangiorgi, F., Schouten, S., and Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Aegean Sea as driver for hydrological and ecological changes in the eastern Mediterranean. Geology, 35, 675-678, 2007. pdf    ScienceDaily    DATA

[88] Rohling, E.J., Progress in palaeosalinity: overview and presentation of a new approach. Paleoceanography, 22, PA3215, doi:10.1029/2007PA001437,  2007. pdf

[89] van der Meer, M.T.J., Baas, M., Rijpstra, W.I.C., Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., and Schouten, S., Hydrogen isotopic compositions of long-chain alkenones record freshwater flooding of the eastern Mediterranean at the onset of sapropel deposition. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 262, 594-600, 2007. pdf

[90] Hunter, S., Wilkinson, D., Louarn, E., McCave, N., Rohling, E.J., Stow, D., and Bacon, S. Deep western boundary current dynamics and associated sedimentation on the Eirik Drift, southern Greenland margin. Deep-Sea Research I, 54, 2036-2066, 2007. pdf

[91] Casford, J.S.L., Abu-Zied, R., Rohling, E.J., Cooke, S., Fontanier, Ch., Leng, M., Millard, A., and Thomson, J. A stratigraphically controlled multi-proxy chronostratigraphy for the eastern Mediterranean. Paleoceanography, 22, PA4215, doi:10.1029/2007PA001422,  2007. pdf    LC21 element DATA

[92] Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Hemleben, Ch., Siddall, M., Hoogakker, B.A.A., Bolshaw, M., and Kucera, M., High rates of sea-level rise during the last interglacial period. Nature Geoscience, 1, 38-42, 2008. pdf    DATA    BBC    Scitizen interview   ScienceNOW highlight   

[93] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., and Arz, H.W., Convincing evidence for rapid ice sheet growth during the last glacial period, in: Kienast, M., Lynch-Stieglitz, J., Newman, L., and Kiefer, T. (eds.) PAGES News, 16 (1), 15-16, 2008. pdf    entire Newletter

[94] Abu-Zied, R.H., Rohling, E.J., Jorissen, F.J., Fontanier, C., Casford, J.S.L. and Cooke, S., Benthic foraminiferal response to changes in bottom water oxygenation and organic carbon flux in the eastern Mediterranean during LGM to Recent times. Marine Micropaleontology, 67, 46-68, 2008. pdf

[95] Kuhlemann, J., Rohling, E.J., Kumrei, I., Kubik, P., Ivy-Ochs, S., and Kucera, M., Regional synthesis of  Mediterranean atmospheric circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science, 321, (5894), 1338-1340, doi:10.1126/science.1157638, 2008. pdf     Supplement     Nature Reports Climate Change highlight

[96] Larrassoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Magnetic susceptibility of eastern Mediterranean marine sediments as a proxy for Saharan dust supply? Marine Geology, 254, 224-229, 2008. pdf

[97] Rohling E.J., Grant, K., Hemleben, Ch., Kucera, M., Roberts, A.P., Schmeltzer, I., Schulz, H., Siccha, M., Siddall, M., and Trommer, G., New constraints on the timing and amplitude of sea level fluctuations during Marine Isotope Stage 3. Paleoceanography, 23, PA 3219, doi:10.1029/2008PA001617, 2008. pdf    DATA

[98] Rohling, E.J., Schiebel, R., and Siddall, M., Controls on Messinian Lower Evaporite cycles in the Mediterranean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 275, 165-171, 2008. pdf

[99] Liu, Q., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., and Zhu, R., Post-depositional remanent magnetization lock-in and the location of the Matuyama-Brunhes geomagnetic reversal boundary in marine and Chinese loess sequences. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 275, 102-110, 2008. pdf

[100] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., Thompson, W.G., and Waelbroeck, C., Marine isotope stage 3 sea level fluctuations: Data synthesis and new outlook. Reviews of Geophysics, 46, RG4003, doi:10.1029/2007RG000226, 2008. pdf

[101] Osborne, A.H., Vance, D., Rohling, E.J., Barton, N., Rogerson, M., and Fello, N., A humid corridor across the Sahara for the migration "Out of Africa" of early modern humans 120,000 years ago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 16444-16447, 2008. pdf   ScienceNow highlight    ScienceDaily   BBC

[102] Clare, L., Rohling, E.J., Weninger, B., and Hilpert, J., Warfare in Late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic Pisidia, southwestern Turkey. Climate induced social unrest in the late 7th millennium calBC. Documenta Praehistorica, 35 (Neolithic Studies 15), 65-92, 2008. pdf

[103] Weninger, B., Shulting, R., Bradtmöller, M., Clare, L., Collard, M., Edinborough, K., Hilpert, J., Jöris, O., Niekus, M., Rohling, E.J., and Wagner, B., The catastrophic final flooding of Doggerland by the Storegga Slide tsunami. Documenta Praehistorica, 35 (Neolithic Studies 15), 1-24, 2008. pdf

[104] Rohling, E.J., Book review: Murray, J. (2006), Ecology and applications of benthic foraminifera. Geological Magazine, 145 (4), 600-601, 2008. pdf

[105] MARGO project members (Waelbroeck, C., Paul, A., Kucera, M., Rosell-Melé, A., Weinelt, M., Schneider, R., Mix, A.C., Abelmann, A., Armand, L., Bard, E., Barker, S., Barrows, T.T., Benway, H., Cacho, I., Chen, M.-T., Cortijo, E., Crosta, X., de Vernal, A., Dokken, T., Duprat, J., Elderfield, H., Eynaud, F., Gersonde, R., Hayes, A., Henry, M., Hillaire-Marcel, C., Huang, C.-C., Jansen, E., Juggins, S., Kallel, N., Kiefer, T., Kienast, M., Labeyrie, L., Leclaire, H., Londeix, L., Mangin, S., Matthiessen, J., Marret, F., Meland, M., Morey, A.E., Mulitza, S., Pflaumann, U., Pisias, N.G., Radi, T., Rochon, A., Rohling, E.J., Sbaffi, L., Schäfer-Neth, C., Solignac, S., Spero, H., Tachikawa, K., Turon, J.-L.), Constraints on the magnitude and patterns of ocean cooling at the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature Geoscience, 2, 127–132, 2009.  pdf   Supplement   Nature Reports Climate Change   ScienceDaily   NERC PlanetEarth

[106] Rohling, E.J., Book review: Hillaire-Marcel, C. and De Vernal, A. (eds.) (2007), Proxies in Late Cenozoic Paleoceanography. Geological Magazine, 146 (1), 158–159, 2009. pdf

[107] Feature article: "The value of historical data on sea level changes". Projects, 10, 44–45, 2009 (British Publishers). pdf

[108] Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied, R., Casford, J.S.L., Hayes, A., and Hoogakker, B.A.A. The Marine Environment: Present and Past, in: Woodward, J.C. (ed.) The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 978-0-19-926803-0, pp. 33–67, 2009.  book contents   pdf

[109] Rohling, E.J., Hayes, A., Mayewski, P.A., and Kucera, M., Holocene climate variability in the eastern Mediterranean, and the End of the Bronze Age, in: Bachhuber, C. and Roberts, R.G. (eds.) Forces of Transformation: The End of the Bronze Age in the Mediterranean. BANEA Publication Series 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford, ISBN-13: 978-1-84217-332-9, pp. 2–5, 2009.  book contents   pdf 

[110] Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Bolshaw, M., Roberts, A.P., Siddall, M., Hemleben, Ch., and Kucera, M., Antarctic temperature and global sea level closely coupled over the past five glacial cycles. Nature Geoscience, 2, 500–504, 2009. pdf   DATA   supplement (without data)   World Bank Report 2012 (see page 30)   Nature Geoscience Sea-Level Focus   ScienceDaily   NERC PlanetEarth   NOCSnews

[111] Hoogakker, B.A.A., Klinkhammer, G.P., Elderfield, H., Rohling, E.J., and Hayward, C., Mg/Ca paleothermometry in high salinity environments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 284, 583–589, 2009. pdf

[112] Westbrook, G.K., Thatcher, K.E., Rohling, E.J., Piotrowski, A.M., Pälike, H., Osborne, A.H., Nisbet, E.G., Minshull, T.A., Lanoisellé, M., James, R.H., Hühnerbach, V., Green, D., Fisher, R.E., Crocker, A.J., Chabert, A., Bolton, C., Beszczynska-Möller, A., Berndt, C., and Aquilina, A., Escape of methane gas from the seabed along the West Spitsbergen continental margin. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L15608, doi:10.1029/2009GL 039191, 2009. pdf    NOCSnews    Nature Reports Climate Change    BBC    ScienceDaily    NERC PlanetEarth

[113] Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Sangiorgi, F., Hayes, A., Casford, J.S.L., Lotter, A.F., Kucera, M., and Brinkhuis, H., Early and middle Holocene in the Aegean Sea: interplay between high and low latitude climate variability. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 3246–3262, 2009. pdf    LC21 DATA on new agemodel

[114] Rohling, E.J., Liu, Q., Roberts, A.P., Stanford, J.D., Rasmussen, S.O., Langen, P.L., and Siddall., M., Controls on the East Asian monsoon during the last glacial cycle, based on comparison between Hulu Cave and polar ice-core records. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 3291–3302, 2009. pdf

[115] Weninger, B., Clare, L., Rohling, E.J., Bar-Yosef, O., Boehner, U., Budja, M., Bundschuh, M., Feurdean, A., Gebel, H.G., Joeris, O., Lindstaedter, J., Mayewski, P., Muehlenbruch, T., Reingruber, A., Rollefson, G., Schyle, D., Thissen, L., Todorova, H., and Zielhofer, C., The impact of rapid climate change on prehistoric societies during the Holocene in the Eastern Mediterranean. Documenta Praehistorica, 36 (Neolithic Studies 16), 7–59, 2009. pdf

[116] Rohling, E.J., Braun, K., Grant, K., Kucera, M., Roberts, A.P., Siddall, M., and Trommer, G., Comparison between Holocene and Marine Isotope Stage-11 sea-level histories. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 291, 97v105, 2010pdf   DATA

[117] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., Blunier, T., and Spahni, R., Patterns of millennial variability over the last 500 ka. Climate of the Past, 6, 295–303, 2010.   pdf

[118] Trommer, G., Siccha, M., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., van der Meer, M., Schouten, S., Hemleben, Ch., and Kucera, M., Millennial scale variability in Red Sea circulation in response to Holocene insolation forcing. Paleoceanography, 25, PA3203, doi:10.1029/2009PA001826, 2010.   pdf

[119] Osborne, A., Marino, G., Vance, D., and Rohling, E.J., Eastern Mediterranean surface water Nd during Eemian sapropel S5: monitoring northerly (mid latitude) versus southerly (sub tropical) freshwater contributions. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, 2473–2483, 2010.   pdf

[120] Rogerson, M., Colmenero-Hidalgo, E., Levine, R.C., Rohling, E.J., Voelker, A.H.L.,  Bigg, G.R., Schönfeld, J., Cacho, I., Sierro, F.J., Löwemark, L., Reguera, M.I. , and de Abreu, L., Enhanced Mediterranean-Atlantic exchange during Atlantic freshening phases. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 11, Q08013, doi:10.1029/2009GC002931, 2010.    pdf

[121] Ni Fhlaithearta, S., Reichart, G.J., Jorissen, F.J., Fontanier, C., Rohling, E.J., Thomson, J., De Lange, G.J., Reconstructing the seafloor environment during sapropel formation using benthic foraminiferal trace metals, stable isotopes, and sediment composition. Paleoceanography, 25, PA4225, doi:10.1029/2009PA001869, 2010.   pdf

[122] Cox, K.A., Stanford, J.D., McVicar, A.J., Rohling, E.J., Heywood, K.J., Bacon, S., Bolshaw, M., Dodd, P.A., De la Rosa, S., and Wilkinson, D., Interannual variability of Arctic sea ice export into the East Greenland Current. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 115, C12063, doi:10.1029/2010JC006227, 2010.   pdf

[123] Feature article: "The rise and rise of the sea". NERC Planet Earth, winter 2010, 16–17, 2010.   pdf


[124] Stanford, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Bacon, S., Roberts, A.P., Grousset, F.E., and Bolshaw, M., A new concept for the paleoceanographic evolution of Heinrich event 1 in the North Atlantic. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 1047–1066, 2011.   pdf    supplement1     supplement2

[125] Rohling, E.J., Book review: Broecker, W. (2010), The Great Ocean Conveyor: Discovering the Trigger for Abrupt Climate Change. The Holocene, 21, 707, 2011.   pdf

[126] Trommer, G., Siccha, M., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., van der Meer, M.T.J., Schouten, S., Baranowski, U., and Kucera, M., Sensitivity of Red Sea circulation to sea level and insolation forcing during the last interglacial. Climate of the Past, 7, 941–955, 2011.   pdf

[127] Stanford, J.D., Hemingway, R., Rohling, E.J.,  Challenor, P.G., Medina-Elizalde, M., and Lester, A.J., Sea-level probability for the last deglaciation: a statistical analysis of far-­field records. Global and Planetary Change, 79, 193–203, 2011.   pdf     FINAL SEA-LEVEL PROBABILITY RECORD     R-script   data readme   Barbados data   Bonaparte1 data   Bonaparte2 data   Florida data   Huon data   Sunda1 data  
Sunda2 data   Tahiti data   GoM1 data   GoM2 data   GoM3 data

[128] Stanford, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Bacon, S., and Holiday, N.P., A review of the deep and surface currents around Eirik Drift, south of Greenland: Comparison of the past with the present. Global and Planetary Change, 79, 244–254, 2011.  pdf

[129] Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K.M., Larrasoaña, J.C., Liu, Q., Atmospheric dust variability from Arabia and China over the last 500,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 3537–3541, 2011.   pdf

[130] Umgiesser, G., Anderson, J.B., Artale, V., Breil, M., Gualdi, S., Lionello, P., Marinova, N., Orlic, M., Pirazzoli, P., Rahmstorf, S., Raicich, F., Rohling, E., Tomasin, A., Tsimplis, M., and Vellinga, P., From global to regional: local sea level rise scenarios - focus on the Mediterranean Sea and the Adriatic Sea. (report of Workshop organized by UNESCO Venice office and ISMAR-CNR, 22-23 November 2010, Venice, Italy), UNESCO (Venice), 28pp., 2011.   link

[xxx] AGU press conference on palaeo-perspectives on climate sensitivity and sealevel (55 min.)
          New Scientist podcast interview following AGU press conference
          Physics Today article on climate scientists v. climate change deniers


[131] Sadler, J., Care, M., Azzoug, M., Schauer, A.J., Ledesma, J., Cardenas, F., Chase, B.M., Bentaleb, I., Muller, S., Mandeng, M., Rohling, E.J., and Sachs, J.P., Reconstructing past upwelling intensity and the seasonal dynamics of primary productivity along the Peruvian coastline from mollusk shell stable isotopes. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, Q01015, doi:10.1029/2011GC003595, 2012.   pdf

[132] Medina-Elizalde, M., and Rohling, E.J., Collapse of classic Maya civilization related to modest reduction in precipitation. Science, 335, 956-959, 2012.    pdf    Supplement    ScienceDaily    Osgood interview (CBS)

[133] Rohling, E.J., Medina-Elizalde, M., Shepherd, J.G., Siddall, M., and Stanford, J.D., Sea surface and high-latitude temperature sensitivity to radiative forcing of climate over several glacial cycles. Journal of Climate, 25, 1635–1656, 2012.   pdf     DATA_records    DATA_chrono-tiepoints    DATA_forcings per latitude

[134] Liu, Q., Larrasoaña, J.C., Torrent, J., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Liu, Z., and Jiang, Z., New constraints on climate forcing and variability in the circum-Mediterranean region from magnetic and geochemical observations of sapropels S1, S5 and S6. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 333/334, 1–12, 2012.    pdf

[135] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., Bigg, G.R., and Ramirez, J., Palaeoceanography of the Atlantic-Mediterranean Exchange: overview and first quantitative assessment of climatic forcing. Reviews of Geophysics, 50, RG2003, doi:10.1029/2011RG000376, 2012.   pdf

[136] Rogerson, M., Bigg, G.R., Rohling, E.J., and Ramirez, J., Vertical density gradient in the eastern north Atlantic during the last 30,000 years. Climate Dynamics, 39, 589-598, 2012.   pdf

[137] RESET team and co-investigators (Lowe, J., Barton, N., Blockley, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cullen, V.L., Davies, W., Gamble, C., Grant, K., Hardiman, M., Housley, R., Lane, C.S., Lee, S., Lewis, M., MacLeod, A., Menzies, M.A., Müller, W., Pollard, M., Price, C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Satow, C., Smith, V.C., Stringer, C., Tomlinson, E.L., White, D., Albert, P.G., Arienzo, I., Barker, G., Borić, D., Carandente, A., Civetta, L., Ferrier, C., Gaudelli, J.L., Karkanas, P., Koumouzelis, M., Müller, U.C., Orsi, G., Pross, J., Rosi, M., Shalamanov-Korobar, L., Sirakov, N., Tzedakis, P.C.), Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109, 13532–13537, 2012.    pdf

[138] Pälike, H., Lyle, M.W., Nishi, H., Raffi, I., Ridgwell, A., Gamage, K., Klaus, A., Acton, G., Anderson, L., Backman, J., Baldauf, J., Beltran, C., Bohaty, S.M., Bown, P., Busch, W., Channell, J.E.T., Chun, C.O.J., Delaney, M., Dewangan, P., Dunkley Jones, T, Edgar, K.M., Evans, H., Fitch, P., Foster, G.L., Gussone, N., Hasegawa, H., Hathorne, E.C., Hayashi, H., Herrle, J.O., Holbourn, A., Hovan, S., Hyeong, K., Iijima, K., Ito, T., Kamikuri, S., Kimoto, K., Kuroda, J., Leon-Rodriguez, L., Malinverno, A., Moore, T.C. Jr., Murphy, B.H., Murphy, D.P., Nakamura, H., Ogane, K., Ohneiser, C., Richter, C., Robinson, R., Rohling, E.J., Romero, O., Sawada, K., Scher, H., Schneider, L., Sluijs, A., Takata, H., Tian, J., Tsujimoto, A., Wade, B.S., Westerhold, T., Wilkens, R., Williams, T., Wilson, P.A., Yamamoto, Y., Yamamoto, S., Yamazaki, T., and Zeebe, R.E., A Cenozoic record of the equatorial Pacific carbonate compensation depth. Nature, 488, 609–614, 2012.   pdf    N&V    press release

[139] Grelaud, M., Marino, G., Ziveri, P., and Rohling, E.J., Abrupt shoaling of the nutricline in response to massive freshwater flooding at the onset of the last interglacial sapropel event. Paleoceanography, 27, PA3208, doi:10.1029/ 2012PA002288, 2012.   pdf

[140] Dodd, P.A., Rabe, B., Hansen, E., Falck, E., Mackensen, A., Rohling, E.J., Stedmon, C., and Kristiansen, S., The freshwater composition of the Fram Strait outflow derived from a decade of tracer measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C11005, doi:10.1029/2012JC008011, 2012.   pdf

[141] Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Medina-Elizalde, M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Satow, C., and Roberts, A.P., Rapid coupling between ice volume and polar temperature over the past 150 kyr. Nature, 491, 744–747, 2012.   pdf     Supplement     DATA     ScienceDaily     BBC Radio Solent     Skepticalscience

[142] PALAEOSENS Project Members (Rohling, E.J., Sluijs, A., Dijkstra, H.A., Köhler, P., van de Wal, R.S.W., von der Heydt, A.S., Beerling, D., Berger, A., Bijl, P.K., Crucifix, M., deConto, R., Drijfhout, S.S., Fedorov, A., Foster, G., Ganopolski, A., Hansen, J., Hönisch, B., Hooghiemstra, H., Huber, M., Huybers, P., Knutti, R., Lea, D.W., Lourens, L.J., Lunt, D., Masson-Demotte, V., Medina-Elizalde, M., Otto-Bliesner, B., Pagani, M., Pälike, H., Renssen, H., Royer, D.L., Siddall, M.,Valdes, P.,  Zachos, J.C., and Zeebe, R.E), Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity. Nature, 491, 683–691, 2012.     pdf     Supplement     Ars Technica


[143] Foster, G.L., and Rohling, E.J., Relationship between sea level and climate forcing by CO2 on geological timescales. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 1209–1214, 2013.   pdf    DATA-1    DATA-2    input DATA    Nature Climate Change highlight     ScienceDaily     ScienceOmega    Skepticalscience

[144] Rabe, B., Dodd, P., Hansen, E., Falck, E., Schauer, U., Mackensen, A., Beszczynska-Möller, A., Kattner, G., Rohling, E.J., and Cox., K. Liquid export of Arctic freshwater components through the Fram Strait 1998 − 2011. Ocean Science, 9, 91–109, 2013.   pdf

[145] Rohling, E.J., Quantitative assessment of glacial fluctuations in the level of Lake Lisan, Dead Sea rift. Quaternary Science Reviews, 70, 63–72, 2013.   pdf

[146] Rohling, E.J., Oxygen isotope composition of seawater. In, Elias, S.A. (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (Vol. 2), Elsevier (Amsterdam), 915–922, 2013.

[147] Zhao, C., C., Liu, Z., Rohling, E.J., Yu, Z., Liu, W., He, Y., Zhao, Y, and Chen, F., Holocene temperature fluctuations in the Northern Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Research, 80, 55–65, 2013.   pdf

[148] Bolton, C.T.,  Chang, L., Clemens, S., Kodama, K., Ikehara, M., Medina-Elizalde, M., Paterson, G.A., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Yamamoto, Y., and Zhao, X., A 500,000 year record of Indian summer monsoon dynamics recorded by eastern equatorial Indian Ocean upper water-column structure. Quaternary Science Reviews, 77, 167–180, 2013.   pdf

[149] Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., and Rohling, E.J., Dynamics of green Sahara periods and their role in hominin evolution. PLoS ONE, 8, e76514, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076514, 2013.   pdf

[150] Hansen, J., Kharecha, P., Sato, M., Masson-Delmotte, V., Ackerman, F., Beerling, D., Hearty, P.J., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Hsu, S.-L., Parmesan, C., Rockstrom, J., Rohling, E.J., Sachs, J., Smith, P., Steffen, K., Van Susteren, L., von Schuckmann, K., and Zachos, J.C., Assessing "dangerous climate change": required reduction of carbon emissions to protect young people, future generations and nature. PLoS ONE, 8, e81648, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0081648, 2013.   pdf    Q&A with Jim Hansen    Q&A with Jeffrey Sachs      Access the recommendation on F1000Prime

[151] Rohling, E.J, Haigh, I.D., Foster, G.L., Roberts, A.P., and Grant, K.M., A geological perspective on potential future sea-level rise. Scientific Reports, 3, 3461, doi:10.1038/ srep03461, 2013.    pdf    Supplement   Channel 9 News, 13 Dec 2013   Ivan Haigh on Wave105   ScienceDaily    Map of factor increase in frequency of extreme sea-level events around Australia for 80 cm mean sea-level rise (made by I. Haigh)

[152] Rohling, E.J., Grant, K.M., Roberts, A.P., and Larrasoaña, J.C., Palaeoclimate variability in the Mediterranean and Red Sea regions during the last 500,000 years; implications for hominin migrations. Current Anthropology, 54 (No. S8, Alternative Pathways to Complexity: Evolutionary Trajectories in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age), S183–S201, 2013.    pdf    link


[153] Yu, J., Anderson, R.F., and Rohling, E.J., Deep ocean carbonate chemistry and glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 changes. Oceanography, 27, 16–25, 2014.   pdf

[154] Yu, J., Anderson, R.F., Jin, Z., Menviel, L., Zhang, F., Ryerson, F.J., and Rohling, E.J., Deep South Atlantic carbonate chemistry and increased interocean deep water exchange during last deglaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 90, 80–89, 2015.   pdf

[155] Haigh, I.D., Wahl, T. Rohling, E.J., Price, R.M., Pattiaratchi, C.B., Calafat, F.M., and Dangendorf, S., Timescales for detecting a significant acceleration in sea-level rise. Nature Communications, 5, 3635, doi: 10.1038/ncomms4635, 2014.   link    pdf-link  

[156] Rohling, E.J., Foster, G.L., Grant, K.M., Marino, G., Roberts, A.P., Tamisiea, M.E., and Williams, F.,  Sea-level and deep-sea-temperature variability over the past 5.3 million years. Nature, 508, 477–482, 2014.   link  pdf-link   Supplement   DATA Fig1   DATA Fig2   DATA Fig3-4   Radio New Zealand interview (40 mins.)    Earth Magazine

[xxx] No sure bets in the climate system – The Australian

[157] Yu, J., Elderfield, H., Jin, Z., Tomascak, P., and Rohling, E.J., Controls on Sr/Ca in benthic foraminifera and implications for seawater Sr/Ca during the late Pleistocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 98, 1–6, 2014.   pdf

[158] Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Florindo, F., Heslop, D., Marra, F., Roberts, A.P. Tamisiea, M.E., and Williams, F., Sea-level variability over five glacial cycles. Nature Communications, 5, 5076, doi: 10.1038/ncomms6076, 2014.     link    pdf-link    Supplement    DATA-1    DATA-2    DATA-3     KL09 dust data on G et al (2014) ages    KL11+MD1017 ox isotopes on G et al. (2014) ages    The Conversation    Science Daily    NBC News    Radio Ecoshock interview

[159] Weninger, B., Clare, L., Gerritsen, F., Horejs, B., Krauss, R., Linstädter, J., Özbal, R., and Rohling, E.J., Neolithisation of the Aegean and Southeast Europe during the 6600-6000 calBC period of rapid climate change. Documenta Praehistorica, 41, 1–31, 2014.    pdf    Table of Contents


[160] Martínez-Botí, M.A., Foster, G.L., Chalk, T.B., Rohling, E.J., Sexton, P.F., Lunt, D.J., Pancost, R.D., Badger, M.P.S., and Schmidt, D.N., Plio-Pleistocene climate sensitivity evaluated using high-resolution CO2 records. Nature, 518, 49–53, 2015.    link    pdf-link    News&Views

[161] Rohling, E.J., Marino, G., and Grant, K.M., Mediterranean climate and oceanography, and the periodic development of anoxic events (sapropels). Earth Science Reviews, 143, 62–97, 2015.    pdf

[162] Satow, C., Tomlinson, E.L., Grant, K.M., Albert, P.G., Smith, V.C., Manning, C.J., Ottolini, L., Wulf, S., Rohling, E.J., Lowe, J.J., Blockley, S.P., and Menzies, M.A., A new contribution to the Late Quaternary tephrostratigraphy of the Mediterranean: Aegean Sea core LC21. Quaternary Science Reviews, 117, 96–112, 2015.    pdf

[163] Lowe, J., Bronk Ramsay, C., Housley, R.A., Lane, C., Tomlinson, E.L., RESET Team (incl. E.J. Rohling), and RESET Associates., The RESET project: constructing a European tephra lattice for refined synchronisation of environmental and archaeological events during the last c. 100 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 1–17, 2015.   pdf

[164] Gernon, T.M., Spence, S., Trueman, C.N., Taylor, R.N., Rohling, E.J., Hatter, S.J., and Harding, I.C., Emplacement of the Cabezo Maria lamproite volcano (Miocene, SE Spain). Bulletin of Volcanology, 77:52, DOI 10.1007/s00445-015-0934-y, 2015.   pdf

[165] Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Liu, Q., Lyons, R., Oldfield, F., Rohling, E.J., and Heslop, D., Source-to-sink magnetic properties of NE Saharan dust in eastern Mediterranean marine sediments: review and paleoenvironmental implications. Frontiers in Earth Science, 3:19, doi: 10.3389/feart.2015.00019, 2015.   pdf

[166] Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Grant, K.M., Heslop, D., Roberts, A.P., Stanford, J.D., and Yu, J., Bipolar seesaw control on last interglacial sea level. Nature, 522, 197–201, 2015.   link   pdf-link   News&Views     DATA Fig2   DATA Fig3  DATA Fig4   Soreq Chronology    BBC interview Stanford   ABC   NZ Herald    Science Daily
[167] Bosmans, J.H.C., Drijfhout, S.S., Tuenter, E., Hilgen, F.J., Lourens, L.J., and Rohling, E.J., Precession and obliquity forcing of the freshwater budget over the Mediterranean. Quaternary Science Reviews, 123, 16–30, 2015.   pdf

[168] Mitchell, N.C., Ligi, M., and Rohling, E.J., Red Sea isolation history suggested by Plio-Pleistocene seismic reflection sequences. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 387–397, 2015.   pdf


[169] Gernon, T.M., Hincks, T.K., Tyrrell, T., Rohling E.J., and Palmer, M.R., Snowball Earth ocean chemistry driven by extensive ridge volcanism during Rodinia breakup. Nature Geoscience, 9, 242–248, 2016.    pdf    News&Views    press release    Conversation    ABC

[170] Yu, J., Menviel, L., Jin, Z., Thornally, D.J.R., Barker, S., Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Cai, Y., Zhang, F., Wang, X., Dai, Y., Chen, P., and Broecker, W.S., Sequestration of carbon in the deep Atlantic during the last glaciation. Nature Geoscience, 9, 319–324, 2016.    pdf

[171] Ao, H., Roberts, A.P., Dekkers, M.J., Liu, X., Rohling, E.J., Shi, Z., and An, Z., Late Miocene-Pliocene Asian monsoon intensification linked to Antarctic ice-sheet growth. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 444, 75–87, 2016.    pdf

[172] Grant, K.M., Grimm, R., Mikolajewicz, U., Marino, G., Ziegler, M., and Rohling, E.J., The timing of Mediterranean sapropel deposition relative to insolation, sea-level and African monsoon changes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 140, 125–141, 2016.    pdf

[173] Hibbert, F.D., Rohling, E.J., Dutton, A., Williams, F.H., Cutcharavan, P.H., Zhao, C., and Tamisiea, M.A., Corals as indicators of past sea-level change: a global repository of U-series dated benchmarks. Quaternary Science Reviews, 145, 1–56, 2016.    pdf     DATA

[174] Marra, F., Rohling, E.J., Florindo, F., Jicha, B, Nomade, S., Pereira, A., and Renne, P.R., Independent 40Ar/39Ar and 14C age constraints on the last five glacial terminations from the aggradational successions of the Tiber River, Rome (Italy). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 449, 105–117, 2016.   pdf

[175] Sivan D., Sisma-Ventura G., Greenbaum N., Bialik O.M., Williams, F.H., Tamisiea, M.E., Rohling, E.J., Frumkin, A., Avnaim-Katav S., Shtienberg G., and Stein M., Eastern Mediterranean sea levels through the last interglacial from a coastal-marine sequence in northern Israel. Quaternary Science Reviews, 145, 204–225, 2016.   pdf


Rohling, E.J., Of lakes and fields: an assessment of the use of arid-region lake level and δ18O data to predict climate impacts in archaeology (Journal of Archaeological Science).

Chang, L., Bolton, C., Dekkers, M.J., Hayashida, A., Heslop, D., Krijgsman, W., Kodama, K., Paterson, G.A., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Yamamoto, Y., and Zhao, X., Millennial-scale Asian monsoon modulation of reductive diagenesis in hemipelagic marine sediments offshore of Japan (Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems).

Rohling, E.J., The oceans: a deep history (Princeton University Press).

Rohling, E.J., 400 and rising: can climate cope with our carbon? (Oxford University Press).

Goodwin, P., Haigh, I., and Rohling, E.J., Sea level projections and coastal flooding potential assessment for the 21st century. (for Nature Climate Change).


(1) High-resolution investigation of ocean/climate changes during the Neogene, and in particular the Quaternary, to determine the nature, timing and magnitude of natural climate variability. This interest span the globe, but is generally focussed on marginal seas and anoxic deposits. Because of their small volume and restricted communication with the open ocean, marginal seas show virtually immediate responses to climatic perturbations, in an amplified fashion, and they therefore represent excellent monitoring sites for even the smallest climate perturbations. Anoxic sediments are of interest because of the lack of bioturbation, which allows very high sampling resolutions, and because they represent an extreme response to (climatic) changes in buoyancy forcing. Studies of the Mediterranean and Red Sea basins have provided many insights that transcend regional boundaries, such as: timing, phasing and intensity of variability in the monsoons and the westerlies; sensitivity of thermohaline systems to climatic variability; nutrient storage and recycling in stratified systems; ecological responses to adverse conditions; and quantitative assessments of the applicability of stable oxygen isotopes for palaeosalinity reconstructions. The immediate global impact of marginal-seas research is especially evident from our new, independent, high-resolution (~200 years) method for global sea-level reconstruction, based on Red Sea δ18O records.

(2) Theoretical and applied (integrated with proxy records) modelling of present-day and past states of circulation and property distribution. This aspect focusses especially on the potential for quantification of natural processes from (palaeo-) oceanographic proxies, including realistic confidence intervals. The work ranges across purely theoretical (“what if”) considerations, targeted simulation of observed changes, and aspects concerned with quantitative interpretation of proxy data. A strong component in this modelling concerns the robustness of simulated results, since a solution that depends too much on small changes/uncertainties in the essential assumptions may not be very significant. Hence, sensitivity testing and expression of confidence limits play a key role in the modelling efforts.

(3) Theoretical and practical/analytical research on the use of conservative properties and δ18O to trace deep-water formation, advection and mixing processes in the modern ocean. This mainly concerns theoretical arguments and new interpretations of existing data sets. Collaborative examples include: an evaluation of the nature of salinity changes in the Mediterranean Sea during the last 50 years; a study of deep-water formation processes in the Japan Sea based on using a combination of noble gas and stable isotope analyses; and assessments of the potential for use of oxygen isotope ratios to track temporal changes in salinity. Part of the latter included the compilation of a global stable oxygen isotope distribution database that was used in validation of a present-day to last glacial maximum global modelling study, and which now forms part of a database held for public access at

(4) Assessment of changes in deep-sea ventilation states and nutrient distribution mechanisms, the interactions with the organic and inorganic carbon cycle, and the impact of ecological responses on proxy records. This work concerns fundamental aspects that underlie the reconstructions and modelling projects listed above. It specifically focusses on climate-driven changes in the mechanisms and timing of nutrient loading and availability for production (by nutricline shoaling). This includes the development of non-steady state arguments between nutrient recharge and nutrient utilisation, and the development of a deeper understanding of carbon burial fluxes and their ecological impacts at the sea floor.

(5) Integration of Holocene palaeoclimate research with archaeological records. There now exist sufficient high-resolution palaeoceanographic/climatic records from the eastern Mediterranean to Arabian Sea region to allow accurate comparisons of the signals with those in the archaeological record of the Near and Middle East. Correlations between the different types of records are established by using a combination of radiocarbon dating, ash-layer correlations, pollen records, and (climatic) event stratigraphy, involving experts from all relevant disciplines. This line of work offers interesting feedback from an entirely different line of science, which improves communication and interaction across disciplinary boundaries and helps to fuel new ideas and re-evaluation of traditional interpretations.




Research Assistants and Research Fellows


past functions

Some selected foram SEM photos: truncatulinoides1    truncatulinoides2    universa

last update: 19-June-2016