Photo: Chez

Professor, Ocean and Climate Change                                                            ORCID ID:

         2021 American Geophysical Union Maurice Ewing Medal         [topic]

2019 Web of Knowledge Highly Cited Researcher

2017 American Geophysical Union Fellow

2012 Australian Laureate Fellow      [topic]

2010 Royal Society - Wolfson Research Merit Award      [topic]

2008 Correspondent (overseas Fellow), Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences

Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, Princetonlaan 8, 3584 CB Utrecht, The Netherlands
School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton SO14 3ZH, UK.
(Retired 3 October 2023: Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia).

Coral sea-level database (Hibbert et al., 2016 QSR)

Popular scientific account of the principles, techniques, and results of past environmental reconstruction in the Mediterranean:

The dark secret of the Mediterranean - a case history in past environmental reconstruction

Back to SOESresearch interestsOther                        Personal                       Google Scholar profile 

ResID number B-9736-2008. NB, ResID does not seem to find all publications

Globigerinoides ruber, a common subtropical planktonic foraminifer that is much used in stable isotope research. True size 300µm.

            More Photos of Fossils (including foraminifera)

Photos: Chez Eelco coffee house (Nelson, New Zealand), courtesy of Cathy Allen; Clogs (Keukenhof, NL), courtesy of Andrew Roberts; G. ruber (Red Sea), courtesy of Mia Fenton


[1988] [1989] [1990] [1991] [1992] [1993] [1994] [1995]
[1996] [1997] [1998] [1999] [2000] [2001] [2002] [2003]
[2004] [2005] [2006] [2007] [2008] [2009] [2010] [2011]
[2012] [2013] [2014] [2015] [2016] [2017] [2018] [2019]
[2020] [2021] [2022] [2023] [2024] [submitted]

[1] Drooger, C.W. and Rohling, E.J. Lepidocyclina migration across the Atlantic. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad., Ser.B, 91 (1), 39–52. 1988.

[2] Rohling, E.J. and Gieskes, W.W.C. Late Quaternary changes in Mediterranean Intermediate Water density and formation rate. Paleoceanography, 4, 531–545. 1989. pdf

[3] Rohling, E.J. A simple two-layered model for shoaling of the eastern Mediterranean pycnocline due to glacio-eustatic sea-level lowering. Paleoceanography, 6, 537–541, 1991. pdf

[4] Rohling, E.J. Shoaling of the eastern Mediterranean pycnocline due to reduction of excess evaporation: implications for sapropel formation. Paleoceanography, 6, 747–753, 1991. pdf

[5] Rohling, E.J., and Hilgen, F.J. The eastern Mediterranean climate at times of sapropel formation: a review. Geologie en Mijnbouw, 70, 253–264, 1991. pdf

[6] Rohling, E.J., Zachariasse, W.J, and Brinkhuis, H. A terrestrial scenario for the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary collapse of the marine pelagic ecosystem. Terra Nova, 3, 41–48, 1991.

[6] Rohling, E.J., and Bryden, H.L. Man-induced salinity and temperature increases in Western Mediterranean Deep Water. Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 11,191–11,198, 1992. pdf

[7] Barmawidjaja, D.M., Rohling, E.J., Van der Kaars, W.A., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zachariasse, W.J. Glacial conditions in the northern Molucca Sea region (Indonesia). Paleogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 101, 147–167, 1993.  pdf

[8] Jorissen, F.J., Asioli, A., Borsetti, A.M., Capotondi, De Visser, J.P., Hilgen, F.J., Rohling, E.J., Van der Borg, K., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zachariasse, W.J. Late Quaternary central Mediterranean biochronology. Marine Micropaleontology, 21, 169–189, 1993.   pdf

[9] Rohling, E.J., Jorissen, F.J., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zachariasse, W.J. Northern Levantine and Adriatic Quaternary planktic foraminifera; Reconstruction of paleoenvironmental gradients. Marine Micropaleontology, 21, 191–218, 1993.   pdf

[10] Rohling, E.J., De Stigter, H.C., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zaalberg, R. Temporary repopulation by low-oxygen tolerant benthic foraminifera within an upper Pliocene sapropel; Evidence for the role of oxygen depletion in the formation of sapropels. Marine Micropaleontology, 22, 207–219, 1993.   pdf

[11] Van Os, B., and Rohling, E.J. Oxygen isotope depletions in eastern Mediterranean sapropels exclude circulation reversal. In: B. Van Os, Primary and diagenetic signals in Mediterranean sapropels and North Atlantic Turbidites. Geologica Ultraiectina, 109, 3–12, 1993.

[12] Rohling, E.J., and Bryden, H.L. Estimating past changes in the eastern Mediterranean freshwater budget, using reconstructions of sea level and hydrography. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad., Ser.B., 97, 201–217, 1994. pdf

[13] Rohling, E.J. Glacial conditions in the Red Sea. Paleoceanography ("Currents"), 9, 653–660, 1994. pdf

[14] Rohling, E.J. Review and new aspects concerning the formation of Mediterranean sapropels. Marine Geology, 122, 1–28, 1994. pdf

[15] Rohling, E.J., Den Dulk, M., Pujol, C., and Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., Abrupt hydrographic change in the Alboran Sea (western Mediterranean) around 8000 yrs BP. Deep-Sea Research, 42, 1609–-1619, 1995. pdf

[16] Rohling, E.J., and Zachariasse, W.J. Red Sea outflow during the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary International, 31, 77–83, 1996. pdf

[17] Lane-Serff, G.F., Rohling, E.J., Bryden, H.L., and Charnock, H. Post-glacial connection of the Black Sea to the Mediterranean and its relation to the timing of sapropel formation. Paleoceanography ("Currents"), 12, 169–174, 1997.pdf

[18] Rohling, E.J., Jorissen, F.J., De Stigter, H.C. 200 Year interruption of Holocene sapropel formation in the Adriatic Sea. J. Micropal., 16, 97–108, 1997. pdf

[19] Targarona, J., Alonso, B., Brinkhuis, H., Canals, M., Rohling, E.J., and Versteegh, G.J.M. Productivity variations in the Alboran Sea over the last 20,000 years from Protoperidinium dinoflagellate cyst records. LPP Contributions, 7, 43–66, 1997.

[20] Rohling, E.J. Mutual influencing between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea during the Quaternary. In: Meco, J. and Petit-Maire, N., Proceedings of the IUGS-UNESCO CLIP IV meeting, Canary Islands. Univ. of Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain, 141–149, 1997.

[21] Zachariasse, W.J., Jorissen, F.J., Perissoratis, C., Rohling, E.J., and Tsapralis, V. Late Quaternary foraminiferal changes and the nature of sapropel S1 in Skopelos Basin. Proceedings 5th Hellenic symposium on Oceanography and Fisheries, Kavalla, Greece, 15-18 April, 1997, Vol. 1, 391–394, 1997.

[22] Rohling, E.J., and Bigg, G.R. Paleo-salinity and δ18O: a critical assessment. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1307–1318, 1998. pdf

[23] Rohling, E.J., Fenton, M., Jorissen, F.J., Bertrand, P., Ganssen, G., and Caulet, J.P. Magnitudes of sea-level lowstands of the past 500,000 years. Nature, 394, 162–165, 1998. pdf    News & Views

[24] Rohling, E.J., Hayes, A., Kroon, D., De Rijk, S., and Zachariasse, W.J. Abrupt cold spells in the NW Mediterranean. Paleoceanography ("Currents"), 13, 316–322, 1998. pdf

[25] Myers, P., Haines, K., and Rohling, E.J. Modelling the paleo-circulation of the Mediterranean: The last glacial maximum and the Holocene with emphasis on the formation of sapropel S1. Paleoceanography, 13, 586–606, 1998. pdf

[26] De Rijk, S. and Rohling, E.J. A palaeo-oceanographic and palaeo-climate database of the Mediterranean Sea. [CD-ROM] Proceedings of the Ocean Data Symposium, 15-18 October 1997, Dublin, 1998.

[27] Rohling, E.J. and Thunell, R.C. Five decades of Mediterranean paleoclimate and sapropel studies. Marine Geology, 153, 7–10, 1999. pdf

[28] Hayes, A., Rohling, E.J., De Rijk, S., and Zachariasse, W.J. Mediterranean planktonic foraminiferal faunas during the last glacial cycle. Marine Geology, 153, 239–252, 1999. pdf

[29] Rohling, E.J., and De Rijk. S. The Holocene Climate Optimum and Last Glacial Maximum in the Mediterranean: the marine oxygen isotope record. Marine Geology, 153, 57–75, 1999. pdf

[30] Rohling, E.J., and De Rijk. S. Erratum to "The Holocene Climate Optimum and Last Glacial Maximum in the Mediterranean: the marine oxygen isotope record." Marine Geology, 161, 385–387, 1999. pdf

[31] Rutten, A., De Lange, G.J., Hayes, A., Rohling, E.J., De Jong, A.F.M., and Van der Borg, K. Deposition of sapropel S1 sediments in oxic pelagic and anoxic brine environments in the eastern Mediterranean; differences in diagenesis and preservation. Marine Geology, 153, 319–335, 1999. pdf

[32] De Rijk, S., Rohling, E.J., and Hayes, A. Onset of climatic deterioration in the eastern Mediterranean around 7 ky BP; micropalaeontological data from Mediterranean sapropel interruptions. Marine Geology, 153, 337–343, 1999. pdf

[33] De Rijk, S., Troelstra, S., and Rohling, E.J. Modern benthic foraminifera from Mediterranean surface sediments. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 29, 93–103, 1999.

[34] Poulos, S.E., Lykousis, V., Collins, M.B., Rohling, E.J., and Pattiaratchi, C.B. Sedimentation processes in a tectonically active environment: the Kerkyra-Kephalonia submarine valley system (NE Ionian Sea). Marine Geology, 160, 25–44, 1999. pdf

[35] Rohling, E.J. and Cooke, S. Stable oxygen and carbon isotope ratios in foraminiferal carbonate, chapter 14 in B.K. Sen Gupta (ed.) Modern Foraminifera, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 239–258, 1999.

[36] Rohling, E.J. Environmental controls on Mediterranean salinity and δ18O. Paleoceanography, 14, 706–715, 1999. pdf

[37] Myers, P.G., and Rohling, E.J. Modelling a 200 year interruption of the Holocene sapropel S1. Quaternary Research, 53, 98–104, 2000. pdf

[38] Rohling, E.J. Paleosalinity: confidence limits and future applications. Marine Geology, 163, 1–-11, 2000. pdf

[39] Bigg, G.R., and Rohling, E.J. An oxygen isotope data set for marine waters. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 8527–8535, 2000. pdf

[40] Schmidt, G.A., Bigg G.R., and Rohling, E.J. Global Seawater Oxygen-18 Database,,1999.

[41] Thomson, J., Nixon, S., Summerhayes, C.P., Rohling, E.J., Schoenfeld, J., Zahn, R., Grootes, P., Abrantes, F., Gaspar, L., and Vaqueiro, S. Enhanced productivity on the Iberian margin during glacial/interglacial transitions revealed by barium and diatoms. Geological Society Special Publication, 157, 667–677, 2000. pdf

[42] Rohling, E.J. Fossil shore lines show recent flood. Times Higher Education Supplement, 28 July, 26, 2000.

[43] Rohling, E.J., De Rijk, S., Myers, P.G., and Haines, K. Palaeoceanography and numerical modelling: The Mediterranean Sea at times of sapropel formation, in Hart, M.B. (ed.) "Climates: Past and Present", Geological Society Special Publication, 181, 135–149, 2000.

[44] Fenton, M., Geiselhart, S., Rohling, E.J., and Hemleben, C. Aplanktonic zones in the Red Sea. Marine Micropaleontology, 40, 277–294, 2000. pdf

[45] De Rijk, S., Jorissen, F.J., Rohling, E.J., and Troestra, S.R. Organic flux control on bathymetric zonation of Mediterranean benthic foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology, 40, 151–166, 2000. pdf

[46] Jorissen, F.J and Rohling, E.J. Faunal perspectives on paleoproductivity. Marine Micropaleontology, 40, 131–134, 2000. pdf

[47] Mercone, D., Thomson, J., Abu-Zied, R.H., Croudace, I.W., and Rohling, E.J. High-resolution geochemical and micropalaeontological profiling of the most recent eastern Mediterranean sapropel. Marine Geology, 177, 25–44, 2001. pdf

[48] Cooke, S., and Rohling, E.J. Stable isotopes in foraminiferal carbonate, Southampton Oceanography Centre Internal Document, 72, 56pp., 2001.

[49] Casford, J.S.L., Abu-Zied, R., Rohling, E.J., Cooke, S., Boessenkool, K.P., Brinkhuis, H., De Vries, C., Wefer, G., Geraga, M., Papatheodorou, G., Croudace, I., Thomson, J., Wells, N.C., and Lykousis, V. Mediterranean climate variability during the Holocene. Mediterranean Marine Science, 2, 45–55, 2001. pdf

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J. The dark secret of the Mediterranean - a case history in past environmental reconstruction, November 2001.

[50] Rohling, E.J., Mayewski, P.A., Hayes, A., Abu-Zied, R.H., and Casford, J.S.L. Holocene atmosphere-ocean interactions: records from Greenland and the Aegean Sea. Climate Dynamics, 18, 587–593, 2002. pdf    foram abundance DATA    Isotope DATA

[51] Wadley, M.R., Bigg, G.R., Rohling, E.J., and Payne, A.J. On modelling present day and last glacial maximum oceanic δ18O distributions. Global and Planetary Change, 32, 89–109, 2002. pdf

[52] Rohling, E.J., Casford, J., Abu-Zied, R., Cooke, S., Mercone, D., Thomson, J., Croudace, I., Jorissen, F.J., Brinkhuis, H., Kallmeyer, J., and Wefer, G. Rapid Holocene climate changes in the eastern Mediterranean, in F. Hassan (ed.) Droughts, Food and Culture: Ecological Change  and Food Security in Africa's Later Prehistory, pp. 35–46, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, London, 2002.

[53] Cane, T., Rohling, E.J., Kemp, A.E.S., Cooke, S., and Pearce, R.B. High-resolution stratigraphic framework for Mediterranean sapropel S5: defining temporal relationships between records of Eemian climate variability. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 183, 87–101, 2002. pdf

[54] Casford, J.S.L., Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied,R., Cooke, S., Fontanier, C., Leng, M., and Lykousis,V. Circulation changes and nutrient concentrations in the Late Quaternary Aegean Sea: A non-steady state concept for sapropel formation. Paleoceanography, 17, 2000PA000601, pp. 14.1–14.11, 2002. pdf

[55] Rohling, E.J., Cane, T.R., Cooke, S., Sprovieri, M., Bouloubassi, I., Emeis, K.C., Schiebel, R., Kroon, D., Jorissen, F.J., Lorre, A., and Kemp, A.E.S. African monsoon variability during the previous interglacial maximum. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 202, 61–75, 2002. pdf    Isotope DATA    971A alkenone DATA

[56] Siddall, M., Smeed, D., Mathiessen, S., and Rohling, E.J. Modelling the seasonal cycle of the exchange flow in Bab-el-Mandab (Red Sea). Deep-Sea Research I, 49, 1551–1569, 2002. pdf

[57] Casford, J.S.L., Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied, R.H.., Fontanier, C., Jorissen, F.J., Leng, M., Schmiedl, G., and Thomson, J. A dynamic concept for eastern Mediterranean circulation and oxygenation during sapropel formation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 190, 103–119, 2003. pdf

[58] Dinarès-Turell, J., Hoogakker, B.A.A., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., and Sagnotti, L. Quaternary climatic control of biogenic magnetite production and eolian dust input in cores from the Mediterranean Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 190, 195–209, 2003. pdf

[59] Rohling, E.J., Mayewski, P.A., and Challenor, P. On the timing and mechanism of millennial-scale climate variability during the last glacial cycle. Climate Dynamics, 20, 257–267, 2003. pdf

[60] Sprovieri, M., Sacchi, M., and Rohling, E.J. Climatically influenced interactions between the Mediterranean and the Paratethys during the Tortonian. Paleoceanography, 18, PA1034, doi 10.1029/2001PA000750, 2003. pdf

[61] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., Almogi-Labin, A., Hemleben, Ch., Meischner, D., Schmeltzer, I., and Smeed, D.A. Sea-level fluctuations during the last glacial cycle. Nature, 423, 853–858, 2003. pdf    News & Views

[62] Myers, P.G., Wielki, C., Goldstein, S.B., and Rohling, E.J. Hydraulic calculations of postglacial connections between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Marine Geology, 201, 253–267, 2003. pdf

[63] Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Winklhofer, M., and Wehausen, R. Three million years of monsoon variability over the northern Sahara. Climate Dynamics, 21, 689–698, 2003. pdf

[64] Rohling, E.J., Sprovieri, M., Cane, T.R., Casford, J.S.L., Cooke, S., Bouloubassi, I., Emeis, K.C., Schiebel, R., Hayes, A., Jorissen, F.J., and Kroon, D. Reconstructing past planktic foraminiferal habitats using stable isotope data: a case history for Mediterranean sapropel S5, Marine Micropaleontology, 50, 89–123, 2004. pdf    KS205 DATA

[65] Scrivner, A.E., Vance, D., and Rohling, E.J. New neodymium isotope data quantify Nile involvement in Mediterranean anoxic episodes, Geology, 32, 565–568, 2004. pdf

[66] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., Weaver, P.P.E., and Murray, J.W. The Azores front since the last glacial maximum, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 222, 779–789, 2004. pdf

[67] Rohling, E.J., Marsh, R., Wells, N.C., Siddall, M., and Edwards, N. Similar melt-water contributions to glacial sea-level variability from Antarctic and northern ice sheets, Nature, 430, 1016–1021, 2004. pdf    Science News interview  

[68] Siddall, M., Smeed, D.A., Hemleben, Ch., Rohling, E.J., Schmeltzer, I., and Peltier, W.R. Understanding the Red Sea response to sea level, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 225, 421–434, 2004. pdf

[69] Hoogakker, B.AA., Rothwell, R.G., Rohling, E.J., Paterne, M., and Stow, D.A.V. Variations in terrigenous dilution in western Mediterranean Sea pelagic sediments in response to climate change during the last glacial cycle, Marine Geology, 211, 21–43, 2004. pdf

[70] Mayewski, P.A., Rohling, E.J., Stager, J.C., Karlén, W., Maasch, K., Meeker, L.D., Meyerson, E., Gasse, F., Van Kreveld, S., Holmgren, K., Lee-Thorp. J., Rosqvist, G., Rack, F., Staubwasser, M., Schneider, R.R., Steig, E. Holocene Climate Variability, Quaternary Research, 62, 243–255, 2004. pdf     LC21 Warm-Cold DATA

[71] Hayes, A., Kucera, M., Kallel, N., Sbaffi, L., and Rohling, E.J. Glacial Mediterranean sea surface temperatures reconstructed from planktonic foraminiferal assemblages, Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 999–1016, 2005. pdf

[72] Rohling, E.J. and Pälike, H. Centennial-scale climate cooling with a sudden cold event around 8,200 years ago, Nature, 434, 975–979, 2005. pdf

[73] Maasch, K.A., Mayewski, P.A., Rohling, E.J., Stager, J.C., Karlen, W., Meeker, L.D., and Meyerson, E.A. A 2000 year context for modern climate change, Geografiska Annaler, 87A, 7–15, 2005. pdf

[74] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., Weaver, P.P.E., and Murray, J.W. Glacial to Interglacial Changes in the Settling Depth of the Mediterranean Outflow Plume, Paleoceanography, 20, PA3007, doi10.1029/2004PA001106, 2005. pdf

[75] Postlethwaite, C., Rohling, E.J., Jenkins, W.J., and Walker, C.F. A tracer study of deep water formation and ventilation in the Japan/East Sea, Deep-Sea Research II, 52, 1684–1704, 2005. pdf

[76] Rohling, E.J., and Dickens, G.R. Editorial: Welcome from the new Editors. Paleoceanography, 21, PA1000, doi:10.1029/2006PA001272, 2006. pdf

[77] Fernandes, C., Rohling, E.J., and Siddall, M. Absence of Quaternary Red Sea land bridges: biogeographic implications. Journal of Biogeography, 33, 961–966, 2006. pdf

[78] Rohling, E.J., Hopmans, E.C., and Sinninghe-Damste, J.S. Water column dynamics during the last interglacial anoxic event in the Mediterranean (sapropel S5). Paleoceanography, 21, PA2018, doi:10.1029/2005PA001237, 2006. pdf    971A organics DATA   971A C/N DATA

[79] Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Hayes, A., Wehausen, R., and Rohling, E.J. Detecting missing beats in the Mediterranean climate rhythm from magnetic identification of oxidized sapropels (Ocean Drilling Program Leg 160). Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 156, 283–293, 2006. pdf

[80] Hoogakker, B.A.A., Rohling, E.J., Palmer, M.R., Tyrrell, T., and Rothwell, R.G. Underlying causes for long-term global ocean δ13C fluctuations over the last 1.2 Ma. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 248, 15–-29, 2006. pdf

[81] Siddall, M., Bard, E., Rohling, E.J., and Hemleben, Ch. Sea-level reversal during Termination II. Geology, 34, 817–820, 2006. pdf

[82] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., and Weaver, P.P.E. Promotion of meridional overturning by Mediterranean-derived salt during the last deglaciation. Paleoceanography, 21, PA4101, doi:10.1029/2006PA001306, 2006. pdf

[83] Rogerson, M., Weaver, P.P.E., Rohling, E.J., Lourens, L.J., Murray, J.W., and Hayes, A. Colour logging as a tool in high-resolution palaeoceanography, in: Rothwell, R.G. (ed.) "New techniques in sediment core analysis". Geological Society Special Publication, 267, 99–112, 2006. pdf

[84] Stanford, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Hunter, S.E., Roberts, A.P., Rasmussen, S.O., Bard, E., McManus, J., and Fairbanks, R.G. Timing of meltwater pulse 1a and climate responses to meltwater injections. Paleoceanography, 21,  PA4103, doi:10.1029/2006PA001340, 2006. pdf    Science editor's choice  

[85] Rohling, E.J. Oxygen isotope composition of seawater. In, Elias, S.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (Vol. 3), Elsevier, pp. 1748–1756 (published 2006, copyright date 2007). pdf

[86] Marsh, R., Hazeleger, W., Yool, W., and Rohling, E.J. Long-term fate of the thermohaline circulation under two alternative controls on salinity. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L03605, doi:10.1029/2006GL027815, 2007. pdf

[87] Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Rijpstra, W.I., Sangiorgi, F., Schouten, S., and Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. Aegean Sea as driver for hydrological and ecological changes in the eastern Mediterranean. Geology, 35, 675–678, 2007. pdf    ScienceDaily    DATA

[88] Rohling, E.J. Progress in palaeosalinity: overview and presentation of a new approach. Paleoceanography, 22, PA3215, doi:10.1029/2007PA001437,  2007. pdf

[89] van der Meer, M.T.J., Baas, M., Rijpstra, W.I.C., Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., and Schouten, S. Hydrogen isotopic compositions of long-chain alkenones record freshwater flooding of the eastern Mediterranean at the onset of sapropel deposition. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 262, 594–600, 2007. pdf

[90] Hunter, S., Wilkinson, D., Louarn, E., McCave, N., Rohling, E.J., Stow, D., and Bacon, S. Deep western boundary current dynamics and associated sedimentation on the Eirik Drift, southern Greenland margin. Deep-Sea Research I, 54, 2036–2066, 2007. pdf

[91] Casford, J.S.L., Abu-Zied, R., Rohling, E.J., Cooke, S., Fontanier, Ch., Leng, M., Millard, A., and Thomson, J. A stratigraphically controlled multi-proxy chronostratigraphy for the eastern Mediterranean. Paleoceanography, 22, PA4215, doi:10.1029/2007PA001422,  2007. pdf    LC21 element DATA

[92] Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Hemleben, Ch., Siddall, M., Hoogakker, B.A.A., Bolshaw, M., and Kucera, M. High rates of sea-level rise during the last interglacial period. Nature Geoscience, 1, 38–42, 2008. pdf    DATA    BBC    Scitizen interview   ScienceNOW highlight   

[93] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., and Arz, H.W. Convincing evidence for rapid ice sheet growth during the last glacial period, in: Kienast, M., Lynch-Stieglitz, J., Newman, L., and Kiefer, T. (eds.) PAGES News, 16 (1), 15–16, 2008. pdf    entire Newletter

[94] Abu-Zied, R.H., Rohling, E.J., Jorissen, F.J., Fontanier, C., Casford, J.S.L. and Cooke, S. Benthic foraminiferal response to changes in bottom water oxygenation and organic carbon flux in the eastern Mediterranean during LGM to Recent times. Marine Micropaleontology, 67, 46–68, 2008. pdf

[95] Kuhlemann, J., Rohling, E.J., Kumrei, I., Kubik, P., Ivy-Ochs, S., and Kucera, M. Regional synthesis of  Mediterranean atmospheric circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science, 321, (5894), 1338–1340, doi:10.1126/science.1157638, 2008. pdf     Supplement     Nature Reports Climate Change highlight

[96] Larrassoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J. Magnetic susceptibility of eastern Mediterranean marine sediments as a proxy for Saharan dust supply? Marine Geology, 254, 224–229, 2008. pdf

[97] Rohling E.J., Grant, K., Hemleben, Ch., Kucera, M., Roberts, A.P., Schmeltzer, I., Schulz, H., Siccha, M., Siddall, M., and Trommer, G. New constraints on the timing and amplitude of sea level fluctuations during Marine Isotope Stage 3. Paleoceanography, 23, PA 3219, doi:10.1029/2008PA001617, 2008. pdf    DATA

[98] Rohling, E.J., Schiebel, R., and Siddall, M. Controls on Messinian Lower Evaporite cycles in the Mediterranean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 275, 165–171, 2008. pdf

[99] Liu, Q., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., and Zhu, R. Post-depositional remanent magnetization lock-in and the location of the Matuyama-Brunhes geomagnetic reversal boundary in marine and Chinese loess sequences. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 275, 102–110, 2008. pdf

[100] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., Thompson, W.G., and Waelbroeck, C. Marine isotope stage 3 sea level fluctuations: Data synthesis and new outlook. Reviews of Geophysics, 46, RG4003, doi:10.1029/2007RG000226, 2008. pdf

[101] Osborne, A.H., Vance, D., Rohling, E.J., Barton, N., Rogerson, M., and Fello, N. A humid corridor across the Sahara for the migration "Out of Africa" of early modern humans 120,000 years ago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 16444–16447, 2008. pdf   ScienceNow highlight    ScienceDaily   BBC

[102] Clare, L., Rohling, E.J., Weninger, B., and Hilpert, J. Warfare in Late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic Pisidia, southwestern Turkey. Climate induced social unrest in the late 7th millennium calBC. Documenta Praehistorica, 35 (Neolithic Studies 15), 65–92, 2008. pdf

[103] Weninger, B., Shulting, R., Bradtmöller, M., Clare, L., Collard, M., Edinborough, K., Hilpert, J., Jöris, O., Niekus, M., Rohling, E.J., and Wagner, B. The catastrophic final flooding of Doggerland by the Storegga Slide tsunami. Documenta Praehistorica, 35 (Neolithic Studies 15), 1–24, 2008. pdf

[104] Rohling, E.J.,Book review: Murray, J. (2006), Ecology and applications of benthic foraminifera. Geological Magazine, 145 (4), 600–601, 2008. pdf

[105] MARGO project members (Waelbroeck, C., Paul, A., Kucera, M., Rosell-Melé, A., Weinelt, M., Schneider, R., Mix, A.C., Abelmann, A., Armand, L., Bard, E., Barker, S., Barrows, T.T., Benway, H., Cacho, I., Chen, M.-T., Cortijo, E., Crosta, X., de Vernal, A., Dokken, T., Duprat, J., Elderfield, H., Eynaud, F., Gersonde, R., Hayes, A., Henry, M., Hillaire-Marcel, C., Huang, C.-C., Jansen, E., Juggins, S., Kallel, N., Kiefer, T., Kienast, M., Labeyrie, L., Leclaire, H., Londeix, L., Mangin, S., Matthiessen, J., Marret, F., Meland, M., Morey, A.E., Mulitza, S., Pflaumann, U., Pisias, N.G., Radi, T., Rochon, A., Rohling, E.J., Sbaffi, L., Schäfer-Neth, C., Solignac, S., Spero, H., Tachikawa, K., Turon, J.-L.). Constraints on the magnitude and patterns of ocean cooling at the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature Geoscience, 2, 127–132, 2009.  pdf   Supplement   Nature Reports Climate Change   ScienceDaily   NERC PlanetEarth

[106] Rohling, E.J. Book review: Hillaire-Marcel, C. and De Vernal, A. (eds.) (2007), Proxies in Late Cenozoic Paleoceanography. Geological Magazine, 146 (1), 158–159, 2009. pdf

        [xxx] Feature article: "The value of historical data on sea level changes". Projects, 10, 44–45, 2009 (British Publishers). pdf

[107] Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied, R., Casford, J.S.L., Hayes, A., and Hoogakker, B.A.A. The Marine Environment: Present and Past, in: Woodward, J.C. (ed.) The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 978-0-19-926803-0, pp. 33–67, 2009.  book contents   pdf

[108] Rohling, E.J., Hayes, A., Mayewski, P.A., and Kucera, M. Holocene climate variability in the eastern Mediterranean, and the End of the Bronze Age, in: Bachhuber, C. and Roberts, R.G. (eds.) Forces of Transformation: The End of the Bronze Age in the Mediterranean. BANEA Publication Series 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford, ISBN-13: 978-1-84217-332-9, pp. 2–5, 2009.  book contents   pdf 

[109] Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Bolshaw, M., Roberts, A.P., Siddall, M., Hemleben, Ch., and Kucera, M. Antarctic temperature and global sea level closely coupled over the past five glacial cycles. Nature Geoscience, 2, 500–504, 2009. pdf   DATA   supplement (without data)   World Bank Report 2012 (see page 30)   Nature Geoscience Sea-Level Focus   ScienceDaily   NERC PlanetEarth   NOCSnews

[110] Hoogakker, B.A.A., Klinkhammer, G.P., Elderfield, H., Rohling, E.J., and Hayward, C. Mg/Ca paleothermometry in high salinity environments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 284, 583–589, 2009. pdf

[111] Westbrook, G.K., Thatcher, K.E., Rohling, E.J., Piotrowski, A.M., Pälike, H., Osborne, A.H., Nisbet, E.G., Minshull, T.A., Lanoisellé, M., James, R.H., Hühnerbach, V., Green, D., Fisher, R.E., Crocker, A.J., Chabert, A., Bolton, C., Beszczynska-Möller, A., Berndt, C., and Aquilina, A. Escape of methane gas from the seabed along the West Spitsbergen continental margin. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L15608, doi:10.1029/2009GL 039191, 2009. pdf    NOCSnews    Nature Reports Climate Change    BBC    ScienceDaily    NERC PlanetEarth

[112] Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Sangiorgi, F., Hayes, A., Casford, J.S.L., Lotter, A.F., Kucera, M., and Brinkhuis, H. Early and middle Holocene in the Aegean Sea: interplay between high and low latitude climate variability. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 3246–3262, 2009. pdf    LC21 DATA on new agemodel

[113] Rohling, E.J., Liu, Q., Roberts, A.P., Stanford, J.D., Rasmussen, S.O., Langen, P.L., and Siddall., M. Controls on the East Asian monsoon during the last glacial cycle, based on comparison between Hulu Cave and polar ice-core records. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 3291–3302, 2009. pdf

[114] Weninger, B., Clare, L., Rohling, E.J., Bar-Yosef, O., Boehner, U., Budja, M., Bundschuh, M., Feurdean, A., Gebel, H.G., Joeris, O., Lindstaedter, J., Mayewski, P., Muehlenbruch, T., Reingruber, A., Rollefson, G., Schyle, D., Thissen, L., Todorova, H., and Zielhofer, C. The impact of rapid climate change on prehistoric societies during the Holocene in the Eastern Mediterranean. Documenta Praehistorica, 36 (Neolithic Studies 16), 7–59, 2009. pdf

[115] Rohling, E.J., Braun, K., Grant, K., Kucera, M., Roberts, A.P., Siddall, M., and Trommer, G. Comparison between Holocene and Marine Isotope Stage-11 sea-level histories. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 291, 97–105, 2010pdf   DATA

[116] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., Blunier, T., and Spahni, R. Patterns of millennial variability over the last 500 ka. Climate of the Past, 6, 295–303, 2010.   pdf

[117] Trommer, G., Siccha, M., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., van der Meer, M., Schouten, S., Hemleben, Ch., and Kucera, M. Millennial scale variability in Red Sea circulation in response to Holocene insolation forcing. Paleoceanography, 25, PA3203, doi:10.1029/2009PA001826, 2010.   pdf

[118] Osborne, A., Marino, G., Vance, D., and Rohling, E.J. Eastern Mediterranean surface water Nd during Eemian sapropel S5: monitoring northerly (mid latitude) versus southerly (sub tropical) freshwater contributions. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, 2473–2483, 2010.   pdf

[119] Rogerson, M., Colmenero-Hidalgo, E., Levine, R.C., Rohling, E.J., Voelker, A.H.L.,  Bigg, G.R., Schönfeld, J., Cacho, I., Sierro, F.J., Löwemark, L., Reguera, M.I. , and de Abreu, L. Enhanced Mediterranean-Atlantic exchange during Atlantic freshening phases. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 11, Q08013, doi:10.1029/2009GC002931, 2010.    pdf

[120] Ni Fhlaithearta, S., Reichart, G.J., Jorissen, F.J., Fontanier, C., Rohling, E.J., Thomson, J., De Lange, G.J. Reconstructing the seafloor environment during sapropel formation using benthic foraminiferal trace metals, stable isotopes, and sediment composition. Paleoceanography, 25, PA4225, doi:10.1029/2009PA001869, 2010.   pdf

[121] Cox, K.A., Stanford, J.D., McVicar, A.J., Rohling, E.J., Heywood, K.J., Bacon, S., Bolshaw, M., Dodd, P.A., De la Rosa, S., and Wilkinson, D. Interannual variability of Arctic sea ice export into the East Greenland Current. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 115, C12063, doi:10.1029/2010JC006227, 2010.   pdf

        [xxx] Feature article: "The rise and rise of the sea". NERC Planet Earth, winter 2010, 16–17, 2010.   pdf


[122] Stanford, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Bacon, S., Roberts, A.P., Grousset, F.E., and Bolshaw, M. A new concept for the paleoceanographic evolution of Heinrich event 1 in the North Atlantic. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 1047–1066, 2011.   pdf    supplement1     supplement2

[123] Rohling, E.J. Book review: Broecker, W. (2010), The Great Ocean Conveyor: Discovering the Trigger for Abrupt Climate Change. The Holocene, 21, 707, 2011.   pdf

[124] Trommer, G., Siccha, M., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., van der Meer, M.T.J., Schouten, S., Baranowski, U., and Kucera, M. Sensitivity of Red Sea circulation to sea level and insolation forcing during the last interglacial. Climate of the Past, 7, 941–955, 2011.   pdf

[125] Stanford, J.D., Hemingway, R., Rohling, E.J.,  Challenor, P.G., Medina-Elizalde, M., and Lester, A.J. Sea-level probability for the last deglaciation: a statistical analysis of far-­field records. Global and Planetary Change, 79, 193–203, 2011.   pdf     FINAL SEA-LEVEL PROBABILITY RECORD     R-script   data readme   Barbados data   Bonaparte1 data   Bonaparte2 data   Florida data   Huon data   Sunda1 data  
Sunda2 data   Tahiti data   GoM1 data   GoM2 data   GoM3 data

[126] Stanford, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Bacon, S., and Holiday, N.P. A review of the deep and surface currents around Eirik Drift, south of Greenland: Comparison of the past with the present. Global and Planetary Change, 79, 244–254, 2011.  pdf

[127] Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K.M., Larrasoaña, J.C., Liu, Q. Atmospheric dust variability from Arabia and China over the last 500,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 3537–3541, 2011.   pdf

[128] Umgiesser, G., Anderson, J.B., Artale, V., Breil, M., Gualdi, S., Lionello, P., Marinova, N., Orlic, M., Pirazzoli, P., Rahmstorf, S., Raicich, F., Rohling, E., Tomasin, A., Tsimplis, M., and Vellinga, P., From global to regional: local sea level rise scenarios - focus on the Mediterranean Sea and the Adriatic Sea. (report of Workshop organized by UNESCO Venice office and ISMAR-CNR, 22-23 November 2010, Venice, Italy), UNESCO (Venice), 28pp., 2011.   link

        [xxxAGU press conference on palaeo-perspectives on climate sensitivity and sealevel (55 min.)
                  New Scientist podcast interview following AGU press conference
                  Physics Today article on climate scientists v. climate change deniers


[129] Sadler, J., Care, M., Azzoug, M., Schauer, A.J., Ledesma, J., Cardenas, F., Chase, B.M., Bentaleb, I., Muller, S., Mandeng, M., Rohling, E.J., and Sachs, J.P. Reconstructing past upwelling intensity and the seasonal dynamics of primary productivity along the Peruvian coastline from mollusk shell stable isotopes. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, Q01015, doi:10.1029/2011GC003595, 2012.   pdf

[130] Medina-Elizalde, M., and Rohling, E.J. Collapse of classic Maya civilization related to modest reduction in precipitation. Science, 335, 956–959, 2012.    pdf    Supplement    ScienceDaily    Osgood interview (CBS)

[131] Rohling, E.J., Medina-Elizalde, M., Shepherd, J.G., Siddall, M., and Stanford, J.D. Sea surface and high-latitude temperature sensitivity to radiative forcing of climate over several glacial cycles. Journal of Climate, 25, 1635–1656, 2012.   pdf     DATA_records    DATA_chrono-tiepoints    DATA_forcings per latitude

[132] Liu, Q., Larrasoaña, J.C., Torrent, J., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Liu, Z., and Jiang, Z. New constraints on climate forcing and variability in the circum-Mediterranean region from magnetic and geochemical observations of sapropels S1, S5 and S6. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 333/334, 1–12, 2012.    pdf

[133] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., Bigg, G.R., and Ramirez, J. Palaeoceanography of the Atlantic-Mediterranean Exchange: overview and first quantitative assessment of climatic forcing. Reviews of Geophysics, 50, RG2003, doi:10.1029/2011RG000376, 2012.   pdf

[134] Rogerson, M., Bigg, G.R., Rohling, E.J., and Ramirez, J. Vertical density gradient in the eastern north Atlantic during the last 30,000 years. Climate Dynamics, 39, 589–598, 2012.   pdf

[135] RESET team and co-investigators (Lowe, J., Barton, N., Blockley, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cullen, V.L., Davies, W., Gamble, C., Grant, K., Hardiman, M., Housley, R., Lane, C.S., Lee, S., Lewis, M., MacLeod, A., Menzies, M.A., Müller, W., Pollard, M., Price, C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Satow, C., Smith, V.C., Stringer, C., Tomlinson, E.L., White, D., Albert, P.G., Arienzo, I., Barker, G., Borić, D., Carandente, A., Civetta, L., Ferrier, C., Gaudelli, J.L., Karkanas, P., Koumouzelis, M., Müller, U.C., Orsi, G., Pross, J., Rosi, M., Shalamanov-Korobar, L., Sirakov, N., Tzedakis, P.C.). Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109, 13532–13537, 2012.    pdf

[136] Pälike, H., Lyle, M.W., Nishi, H., Raffi, I., Ridgwell, A., Gamage, K., Klaus, A., Acton, G., Anderson, L., Backman, J., Baldauf, J., Beltran, C., Bohaty, S.M., Bown, P., Busch, W., Channell, J.E.T., Chun, C.O.J., Delaney, M., Dewangan, P., Dunkley Jones, T, Edgar, K.M., Evans, H., Fitch, P., Foster, G.L., Gussone, N., Hasegawa, H., Hathorne, E.C., Hayashi, H., Herrle, J.O., Holbourn, A., Hovan, S., Hyeong, K., Iijima, K., Ito, T., Kamikuri, S., Kimoto, K., Kuroda, J., Leon-Rodriguez, L., Malinverno, A., Moore, T.C. Jr., Murphy, B.H., Murphy, D.P., Nakamura, H., Ogane, K., Ohneiser, C., Richter, C., Robinson, R., Rohling, E.J., Romero, O., Sawada, K., Scher, H., Schneider, L., Sluijs, A., Takata, H., Tian, J., Tsujimoto, A., Wade, B.S., Westerhold, T., Wilkens, R., Williams, T., Wilson, P.A., Yamamoto, Y., Yamamoto, S., Yamazaki, T., and Zeebe, R.E. A Cenozoic record of the equatorial Pacific carbonate compensation depth. Nature, 488, 609–614, 2012.   pdf    N&V    press release

[137] Grelaud, M., Marino, G., Ziveri, P., and Rohling, E.J. Abrupt shoaling of the nutricline in response to massive freshwater flooding at the onset of the last interglacial sapropel event. Paleoceanography, 27, PA3208, doi:10.1029/ 2012PA002288, 2012.   pdf

[138] Dodd, P.A., Rabe, B., Hansen, E., Falck, E., Mackensen, A., Rohling, E.J., Stedmon, C., and Kristiansen, S. The freshwater composition of the Fram Strait outflow derived from a decade of tracer measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C11005, doi:10.1029/2012JC008011, 2012.   pdf

[139] Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Medina-Elizalde, M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Satow, C., and Roberts, A.P. Rapid coupling between ice volume and polar temperature over the past 150 kyr. Nature, 491, 744–747, 2012.   pdf     Supplement     DATA     ScienceDaily     BBC Radio Solent     Skepticalscience

[140] PALAEOSENS Project Members (Rohling, E.J., Sluijs, A., Dijkstra, H.A., Köhler, P., van de Wal, R.S.W., von der Heydt, A.S., Beerling, D., Berger, A., Bijl, P.K., Crucifix, M., deConto, R., Drijfhout, S.S., Fedorov, A., Foster, G., Ganopolski, A., Hansen, J., Hönisch, B., Hooghiemstra, H., Huber, M., Huybers, P., Knutti, R., Lea, D.W., Lourens, L.J., Lunt, D., Masson-Demotte, V., Medina-Elizalde, M., Otto-Bliesner, B., Pagani, M., Pälike, H., Renssen, H., Royer, D.L., Siddall, M.,Valdes, P.,  Zachos, J.C., and Zeebe, R.E). Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity. Nature, 491, 683–691, 2012.     pdf     Supplement     Ars Technica


[141] Foster, G.L., and Rohling, E.J. Relationship between sea level and climate forcing by CO2 on geological timescales. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 1209–1214, 2013.   pdf    DATA-1    DATA-2    input DATA    Nature Climate Change highlight     ScienceDaily     ScienceOmega    Skepticalscience

[142] Rabe, B., Dodd, P., Hansen, E., Falck, E., Schauer, U., Mackensen, A., Beszczynska-Möller, A., Kattner, G., Rohling, E.J., and Cox., K. Liquid export of Arctic freshwater components through the Fram Strait 1998 − 2011. Ocean Science, 9, 91–109, 2013.   pdf

[143] Rohling, E.J. Quantitative assessment of glacial fluctuations in the level of Lake Lisan, Dead Sea rift. Quaternary Science Reviews, 70, 63–72, 2013.   pdf

[144] Rohling, E.J. Oxygen isotope composition of seawater. In, Elias, S.A. (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (Vol. 2), Elsevier (Amsterdam), 915–922, 2013.

[145] Zhao, C., C., Liu, Z., Rohling, E.J., Yu, Z., Liu, W., He, Y., Zhao, Y, and Chen, F. Holocene temperature fluctuations in the Northern Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Research, 80, 55–65, 2013.   pdf

[146] Bolton, C.T.,  Chang, L., Clemens, S., Kodama, K., Ikehara, M., Medina-Elizalde, M., Paterson, G.A., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Yamamoto, Y., and Zhao, X. A 500,000 year record of Indian summer monsoon dynamics recorded by eastern equatorial Indian Ocean upper water-column structure. Quaternary Science Reviews, 77, 167–180, 2013.   pdf

[147] Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., and Rohling, E.J. Dynamics of green Sahara periods and their role in hominin evolution. PLoS ONE, 8, e76514, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076514, 2013.   pdf

[148] Hansen, J., Kharecha, P., Sato, M., Masson-Delmotte, V., Ackerman, F., Beerling, D., Hearty, P.J., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Hsu, S.-L., Parmesan, C., Rockstrom, J., Rohling, E.J., Sachs, J., Smith, P., Steffen, K., Van Susteren, L., von Schuckmann, K., and Zachos, J.C. Assessing "dangerous climate change": required reduction of carbon emissions to protect young people, future generations and nature. PLoS ONE, 8, e81648, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0081648, 2013.   pdf    Q&A with Jim Hansen    Q&A with Jeffrey Sachs      Access the recommendation on F1000Prime

[149] Rohling, E.J, Haigh, I.D., Foster, G.L., Roberts, A.P., and Grant, K.M. A geological perspective on potential future sea-level rise. Scientific Reports, 3, 3461, doi:10.1038/ srep03461, 2013.    pdf    Supplement   Channel 9 News, 13 Dec 2013   Ivan Haigh on Wave105   ScienceDaily    Map of factor increase in frequency of extreme sea-level events around Australia for 80 cm mean sea-level rise (made by I. Haigh)

[150] Rohling, E.J., Grant, K.M., Roberts, A.P., and Larrasoaña, J.C. Palaeoclimate variability in the Mediterranean and Red Sea regions during the last 500,000 years; implications for hominin migrations. Current Anthropology, 54 (No. S8, Alternative Pathways to Complexity: Evolutionary Trajectories in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age), S183–S201, 2013.    pdf    link

[151] Masson-Delmotte, V., Schulz, M., Abe-Ouchi, A., Beer, J., Ganopolski, A., Rouco, J.F.G., Jansen, E., Lambeck, K., Luterbacher, J., Naish, T., Osborn, T., Otto-Bliesner, B., Quinn, T., Ramesh, R., Rojas, M., Shao, X.M., Timmermann, A., Anchukaitis, K., Arblaster, J., Bartlein, P.J., Benito, G., Clark, P., Comiso, J.C., Crowley, T., De Deckker, P., de Vernal, A., Delmonte, B., DiNezio, P., Dokken, T., Dowsett, H.J., Edwards, R.L., Fischer, H., Fleitmann, D., Foster, G., Frohlich, C., Govin, A., Hall, A., Hargreaves, J., Haywood, A., Hollis, C., Horton, B., Kageyama, M., Knutti, R., Kopp, R., Krinner, G., Landais, A., Li, C., Lunt, D., Mahowald, N., McGregor, S., Meehl, G., Mitrovica, J.X., Moberg, A., Mudelsee, M., Muhs, DR., Mulitza, S., Muller, S., Overland, J., Parrenin, F., Pearson, P., Robock, A., Rohling, E., Salzmann, U., Savarino, J., Sedlacek, J., Shakun, J., Shindell, D., Smerdon, J., Solomina, O., Tarasov, P., Vinther, B., Waelbroeck, C., Wolf-Gladrow, D., Yokoyama, Y., Yoshimori, M., Zachos, J., and Zwartz, D. Information from Paleoclimate Archives, in: Stocker, T.F., Qin, D. Plattner, G.-K., Tignor, M., Allen, S.K., Boschung, J., Nauels, A., Xia, Y., Bex, V., and Midgley, P.M. (eds.), Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 383–464, 2013.    pdf


[152] Yu, J., Anderson, R.F., and Rohling, E.J. Deep ocean carbonate chemistry and glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 changes. Oceanography, 27, 16–25, 2014.   pdf

[153] Yu, J., Anderson, R.F., Jin, Z., Menviel, L., Zhang, F., Ryerson, F.J., and Rohling, E.J. Deep South Atlantic carbonate chemistry and increased interocean deep water exchange during last deglaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 90, 80–89, 2015.   pdf

[154] Haigh, I.D., Wahl, T. Rohling, E.J., Price, R.M., Pattiaratchi, C.B., Calafat, F.M., and Dangendorf, S. Timescales for detecting a significant acceleration in sea-level rise. Nature Communications, 5, 3635, doi: 10.1038/ncomms4635, 2014.   link    pdf-link  

[155] Rohling, E.J., Foster, G.L., Grant, K.M., Marino, G., Roberts, A.P., Tamisiea, M.E., and Williams, F.  Sea-level and deep-sea-temperature variability over the past 5.3 million years. Nature, 508, 477–482, 2014.   link  pdf-link   Supplement   DATA Fig1   DATA Fig2   DATA Fig3-4   Radio New Zealand interview (40 mins.)    Earth Magazine

        [xxx] No sure bets in the climate system – The Australian

[156] Yu, J., Elderfield, H., Jin, Z., Tomascak, P., and Rohling, E.J. Controls on Sr/Ca in benthic foraminifera and implications for seawater Sr/Ca during the late Pleistocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 98, 1–6, 2014.   pdf

[157] Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Florindo, F., Heslop, D., Marra, F., Roberts, A.P. Tamisiea, M.E., and Williams, F. Sea-level variability over five glacial cycles. Nature Communications, 5, 5076, doi: 10.1038/ncomms6076, 2014.     link    pdf-link    Supplement    DATA-1    DATA-2    DATA-3     KL09 dust data on G et al (2014) ages    KL11+MD1017 ox isotopes on G et al. (2014) ages    Science Daily    NBC News    Radio Ecoshock interview

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J. Why ice sheets will keep melting for centuries to come. The Conversation, September 26, 2014.    link  

[158] Weninger, B., Clare, L., Gerritsen, F., Horejs, B., Krauss, R., Linstädter, J., Özbal, R., and Rohling, E.J. Neolithisation of the Aegean and Southeast Europe during the 6600-6000 calBC period of rapid climate change. Documenta Praehistorica, 41, 1–31, 2014.    pdf    Table of Contents


[159] Martínez-Botí, M.A., Foster, G.L., Chalk, T.B., Rohling, E.J., Sexton, P.F., Lunt, D.J., Pancost, R.D., Badger, M.P.S., and Schmidt, D.N. Plio-Pleistocene climate sensitivity evaluated using high-resolution CO2 records. Nature, 518, 49–53, 2015.    link    pdf-link    News&Views

[160] Rohling, E.J., Marino, G., and Grant, K.M. Mediterranean climate and oceanography, and the periodic development of anoxic events (sapropels). Earth Science Reviews, 143, 62–97, 2015.    pdf

[161] Satow, C., Tomlinson, E.L., Grant, K.M., Albert, P.G., Smith, V.C., Manning, C.J., Ottolini, L., Wulf, S., Rohling, E.J., Lowe, J.J., Blockley, S.P., and Menzies, M.A. A new contribution to the Late Quaternary tephrostratigraphy of the Mediterranean: Aegean Sea core LC21. Quaternary Science Reviews, 117, 96–112, 2015.    pdf

[162] Lowe, J., Bronk Ramsay, C., Housley, R.A., Lane, C., Tomlinson, E.L., RESET Team (incl. E.J. Rohling), and RESET Associates. The RESET project: constructing a European tephra lattice for refined synchronisation of environmental and archaeological events during the last c. 100 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 1–17, 2015.   pdf

[163] Gernon, T.M., Spence, S., Trueman, C.N., Taylor, R.N., Rohling, E.J., Hatter, S.J., and Harding, I.C. Emplacement of the Cabezo Maria lamproite volcano (Miocene, SE Spain). Bulletin of Volcanology, 77:52, DOI 10.1007/s00445-015-0934-y, 2015.   pdf

[164] Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Liu, Q., Lyons, R., Oldfield, F., Rohling, E.J., and Heslop, D. Source-to-sink magnetic properties of NE Saharan dust in eastern Mediterranean marine sediments: review and paleoenvironmental implications. Frontiers in Earth Science, 3:19, doi: 10.3389/feart.2015.00019, 2015.   pdf

[165] Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Grant, K.M., Heslop, D., Roberts, A.P., Stanford, J.D., and Yu, J. Bipolar seesaw control on last interglacial sea level. Nature, 522, 197–201, 2015.   link   pdf-link   News&Views     DATA Fig2   DATA Fig3  DATA Fig4   Soreq Chronology    BBC interview Stanford   ABC   NZ Herald    Science Daily
[166] Bosmans, J.H.C., Drijfhout, S.S., Tuenter, E., Hilgen, F.J., Lourens, L.J., and Rohling, E.J. Precession and obliquity forcing of the freshwater budget over the Mediterranean. Quaternary Science Reviews, 123, 16–30, 2015.   pdf

[167] Mitchell, N.C., Ligi, M., and Rohling, E.J. Red Sea isolation history suggested by Plio-Pleistocene seismic reflection sequences. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 387–397, 2015.   pdf


[168] Gernon, T.M., Hincks, T.K., Tyrrell, T., Rohling E.J., and Palmer, M.R. Snowball Earth ocean chemistry driven by extensive ridge volcanism during Rodinia breakup. Nature Geoscience, 9, 242–248, 2016.    pdf    News&Views    press release    The Conversation    ABC

[169] Yu, J., Menviel, L., Jin, Z., Thornally, D.J.R., Barker, S., Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Cai, Y., Zhang, F., Wang, X., Dai, Y., Chen, P., and Broecker, W.S. Sequestration of carbon in the deep Atlantic during the last glaciation. Nature Geoscience, 9, 319–324, 2016.    pdf

[170] Ao, H., Roberts, A.P., Dekkers, M.J., Liu, X., Rohling, E.J., Shi, Z., and An, Z. Late Miocene-Pliocene Asian monsoon intensification linked to Antarctic ice-sheet growth. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 444, 75–87, 2016.    pdf

[171] Grant, K.M., Grimm, R., Mikolajewicz, U., Marino, G., Ziegler, M., and Rohling, E.J. The timing of Mediterranean sapropel deposition relative to insolation, sea-level and African monsoon changes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 140, 125–141, 2016.    pdf

[172] Hibbert, F.D., Rohling, E.J., Dutton, A., Williams, F.H., Cutcharavan, P.H., Zhao, C., and Tamisiea, M.A. Corals as indicators of past sea-level change: a global repository of U-series dated benchmarks. Quaternary Science Reviews, 145, 1–56, 2016.    pdf     DATA

[173] Marra, F., Rohling, E.J., Florindo, F., Jicha, B, Nomade, S., Pereira, A., and Renne, P.R. Independent 40Ar/39Ar and 14C age constraints on the last five glacial terminations from the aggradational successions of the Tiber River, Rome (Italy). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 449, 105–117, 2016.   pdf

[174] Sivan D., Sisma-Ventura G., Greenbaum N., Bialik O.M., Williams, F.H., Tamisiea, M.E., Rohling, E.J., Frumkin, A., Avnaim-Katav S., Shtienberg G., and Stein M. Eastern Mediterranean sea levels through the last interglacial from a coastal-marine sequence in northern Israel. Quaternary Science Reviews, 145, 204–225, 2016.   pdf

[175] Rohling, E.J. Of lakes and fields: a framework for reconciling palaeoclimatic drought inferences with archaeological impacts. Journal of Archaeological Science, 73, 17–24, 2016.   pdf

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J. Without a longer-term view, the Paris Agreement will lock in warming for centuries. The Conversation, August 24, 2016.   link

[176] von der Heydt, A.S., Dijkstra, H.A., van de Wal, R.S.W., Caballero, R., Crucifix, M., Foster, G.L., Huber, M., Köhler, P., Rohling, E.J., Valdes, P.J., Ashwin, P., Bathiany, S., Berends, T., van Bree, L.G.J., Ditlevsen, P., Ghil, M., Haywood, A., Katsav, J., Lohmann, G., Lohmann, J., Lucarini, V., Marzocchi, A., Pälike, H., Ruvalcaba Baroni, I., Simon, D., Sluijs, A., Stap, L.B., Tantet, A., Viebahn, J., and Ziegler, M. Lessons on climate sensitivity from past climate changes. Current Climate Change Reports, doi:10.1007/s40641-016-0049-3, 2016.   pdf

[177] Chang, L., Bolton, C.T., Dekkers, M.J., Hayashida, A., Heslop, D., Krijgsman, W., Kodama, K., Paterson, G.A., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Yamamoto, Y., and Zhao, X. Asian monsoon modulation of nonsteady state diagenesis in hemipelagic marine sediments offshore of Japan. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 17, doi:10.1002/2016GC006344, 16 pp., 2016.   pdf


[178] Goodwin, P., Haigh, I.D.,  Rohling, E.J., and Slangen, A. A new approach to projecting 21st century sea-level changes and extremes. Earth's Future, 5, doi:10.1002/2016EF000508, 14 pp., 2017.   link    pdf

[179] Chen, L., Heslop, D., Roberts, A.P., Chang, L., Zhao, X., McGregor, H.V., Marino, G., Rodriguez-Sanz, L., Rohling, E.J., and Pälike, H. Remanence acquisition efficiency in biogenic and detrital magnetite and recording of geomagnetic paleointensity. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 18, doi:10.1002/ 2016GC006753, 16 pp., 2017.    pdf

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J. We need to get rid of carbon in the atmosphere, not just reduce emissions. The Conversation, April 20, 2017.    link

        [xxx] Sky News interview 24-04-2017    archived mov.-file
[180] Hansen, J., Sato, M., Kharecha, P., von Schuckmann, K., Beerling, D.J., Cao, J., Marcott, S., Masson-Delmotte, V., Prather, M.J., Rohling, E.J., Shakun, J., Smith, P., Lacis, A., Russell, G., and Ruedy, R. Young people’s burden: requirement of negative CO2 emissions. Earth System Dynamics, 8, 577–616, 2017.    link    pdf     The Guardian1   The Guardian2    Hansen video     Guardian 3 Rohling&Canadell

        [xxx] ABC Radio Live (RN Drive with Jonathan Green) interview on fast 2017 and 2016 CO2 rises    coverpage

[181] Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Westerhold, T., Zabel, M., Heslop, D., Konijnendijk, T., and Lourens, L.J. A 3 million year index for North African humidity/aridity and the implication of potential pan-African Humid periods. Quaternary Science Reviews, 171, 100–118, 2017.   pdf    DATA

[182] Rohling, E.J., Hibbert, F.D., Williams, F.H., Grant, K.M., Marino, G., Foster, G.L., Hennekam, R., de Lange, G.J., Roberts, A.P., Yu, J., Webster, J.M., and Yokoyama, Y. Differences between the last two glacial maxima and implications for ice-sheet, δ18O, and sea-level reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews, 176, 1–28, 2017.   pdf

[183] Rohling, E.J. The oceans: a deep history. Princeton University Press, 272 pp., 2017.   PUP release page     review The Australian      Stanford book review The Oceans       Danny Yee book review The Oceans       Leon Vlieger (NHBS) book review The Oceans       Roberto Danovaro book review The Oceans (in Current Biology)     Sarah Holmes book review The Oceans     Jerusalem Post April 8, 2018 link     (Jerusalem Post April 8, 2018 pdf)  

[184] Rodríguez-Sanz,  L., Bernasconi, S.M., Marino, G., Heslop, D., Müller, I.A., Fernandez, A., Grant, K.M., and Rohling, E.J. Penultimate deglacial warming across the Mediterranean Sea revealed by clumped isotopes in foraminifera. Scientific Reports, 7, 16572, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-16528-6, 2017.    link    pdf

[185] Chalk, T.B., Hain, M.P., Foster, G.L., Rohling, E.J., Sexton, P.F., Badger, M.P.S., Cherry, S.G., Hasenfratz, A.P., Haug, G.H., Jaccard, S.L., Martínez-García, A., Pälike, H., Pancost, R.D., and Wilson, P.A. Causes of ice-age intensification across the Mid-Pleistocene Transition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 13114–13119, 2017.    pdf    supplement

        [xxx] Moldwin, M.B., Florindo, F., Okin, G., Robock, A., Rohling, E.J., Cardenas, B., Carlton, A., Chen, K.H., Crucifix, M., Gettelman, A., Hubbard, A., Katsura, T., and Painter, T.H. Why and how to write a high-impact review paper: Lessons from eight years of editorial board service to Reviews of Geophysics. Reviews of Geophysics, 55, 860–863, 2017.   pdf

[186] Rohling, E.J., Marino, G., Foster, G.L., Goodwin, P.A., von der Heydt, A.S., and Köhler, P. Comparing climate sensitivity, past and present. Annual Reviews of Marine Science, 10, 261–288, 2018.    pdf     Comparing Climate Sensitivity, Past and Present Comparing Climate Sensitivity, Past and Present

[187] Goodwin, P.A., Katavouta, A., Roussenov, V.M., Foster, G.L., Rohling, E.J., and Williams, R.G. Pathways to 1.5 °C and 2 °C warming based on observational and geological constraints. Nature Geoscience, 11, 102–107, 2018.    pdf      Supplement

        [xxxWIN News TV interview about Goodwin et al. (2018).

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J. Perfect storm threatens the world's reefs. Cosmos Magazine, January 24, 2018.    link

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J., and Ortiz, J.D. We're killing our lakes and oceans. The consequences are real. Undark, February 6, 2018.    link

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J. Paleoceanography: New technologies – spawned for military applications – now allow scientists to explore oceans more deeply. Natural History, 126 (2), 36–41, 2018.

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J. What can the deep geological history of the oceans tell us about the future? Zocalo Public Square, March 27, 2018.    link

[188] Lister, G., Tkalčić, H., Hejrani, B., Koulali, A., Rohling, E.J., Forster, M., and McClusky, S. Lineaments and earthquake ruptures on the East Japan megathrust. Lithosphere, April, 2018.    pdf     Nature Research Highlight     Brendan Meade Blog

[189] Ao, H., Dekkers, M.J., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., An, Z., Liu, X., Jiang, Z., Chang, H., Qiang, X., and Xu, Y. Mineral magnetic record of the Miocene-Pliocene climate transition on the Chinese Loess Plateau, North China. Quaternary Research, 89, 619–628, 2018.    pdf

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J. A view from the ocean for Earth Day. Princeton University Press BLOG, April 16, 2018.     link     pdf

        [xxx] Radio Sputnik Moscow interview 23-05-2018 (fragment)    link

        [xxx] Bradley, J. The end of the oceans. The Monthly, August, 2018.    pdf    link

[190] Hibbert, F.D., Williams, F.H., Fallon, S., and Rohling, E.J. Last deglacial sea level: a database of biological and geomorphological sea-level markers. Scientific Data, 5, 180088, DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2018.88, 2018.    link    pdf

[191] Brent, K., McGee, J., McDonald, J., and Rohling, E.J.  International law poses problems for negative emissions research. Nature Climate Change, 8, 451–453, 2018.    pdf-link

[192] Bolton, C.T., Bailey, I., Friedrich, O., de Garidel-Thoron, T., Vidal, L., Sonzogni, C., Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Robinson, M.M., Ermini, M., Koch, M., Cooper, M.J., and Wilson, P.A. North Atlantic mid‐latitude surface‐circulation changes through the Plio-Pleistocene intensification of northern hemisphere glaciation. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 33, 1135–1321, 2018.    pdf


[193] Rohling, E.J., Marino, G., Grant, K.M., Mayewski, P.A., and Weninger, B., A model for archaeologically relevant Holocene climate impacts in the Aegean-Levantine region (easternmost Mediterranean). Quaternary Science Reviews, 208, 38–53, 2019.   link    pdf    Appendix(pdf)  Appendix (MathCad code)    Main Run data    Climate summary Data

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J., Q: Earth’s bodies of water have gone through considerable changes over time—can these changes tell us anything about climate change—and the future? A: Earth’s History and the Oceans. Princeton University Press BLOG, April 20, 2019.   link   pdf

[194] Yu, J., Menviel, L., Jin, Z.D., Thornally, D.J.R., Foster, G.L., Rohling, E.J., McCave, I.N., McManus, J.F., Dai, Y., Ren, H., He, F., Zhang, F., Chen, P.J., and Roberts, A.P., More efficient North Atlantic carbon pump during the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature Communications, 10, 2170, doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-10028-z, 2019.     link   pdf

[195] Rohling, E.J. The climate question: natural cycles, human impact, future outlook. Oxford University Press, 162 pp., 2019.    OUP release page    September 2019 book launch presentation video (4.9 Gb)     2019 ASLI’s CHOICE Honorable Mention award

        [xxx] Sergio Valdez Podcast: Status of the oceans

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J. Why urgent action is needed to avoid centuries of global warming. Oxford University Press BLOG, 15 June, 2019.    link    pdf

[196] Amies, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K.M., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., and Marino, G. Quantification of African monsoon runoff during last interglacial sapropel S5. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34, 1487–1516, 2019.    pdf     MatLab script     ALL DATA

[197] Incarbona, A., Abu-Zied, R.H., Rohling, E.J., and Ziveri, P., Reventilation episodes during the sapropel S1 deposition in the eastern Mediterranean based on holococcolith preservation. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34, 1597–1609, 2019.    pdf

[198]  Rohling, E.J., Hibbert, F.D., Grant, K.M., Galaasen, E.V., Irvali, N., Kleiven, H.F., Marino, G., Ninnemann, U., Roberts, A.P., Rosenthal, Y., Schulz, H., Williams, F.H., and Yu, J. Asynchronous Antarctic and Greenland ice-volume contributions to the last interglacial sea-level highstand. Nature Communications, 10, 5040, 2019.     link     pdf     SUPPLEMENT    DATA   direct DATA link   Sydney Morning Herald    The Conversation    Common Dreams     Hibbert ABC interview     Rohling ABC interview 19/11/'19  

        [xxx] Hibbert, F., Rohling, E., and  Grant, K. Scientists looked at sea levels 125,000 years in the past. The results are terrifying. The Conversation, November 7, 2019.    link

        [xxx] Rohling, E. Slow the flow and let the soil drink its fill. The Australian, December 31, 2019.      full page link    article link

[199] Geraga M., Sergiou S., Sakellariou D., and Rohling E. Results of Micropalaeontological Analyses on Sediment Core FA09 from the Southern Red Sea Continental Shelf. In: Rasul N., Stewart I. (Εds.), Geological Setting, Palaeoenvironment and Archaeology of the Red Sea. Springer, Cham, 2019.


        [xxx] Sherwood, S. and 79 co-signatories (incl. Rohling, E.J.). An Open Letter on Australian Bushfires and Climate: Urgent Need for Deep Cuts in Carbon Emissions.    link    pdf     The Guardian   ABC    Sydney Morning Herald   

        [xxx] Abram, N. and 250+ co-signatories (incl. Rohling, E.J.). There is no strong, resilient Australia without deep cuts to greenhouse gas emissions.    summary link    summary pdf    full link    full pdf    ABC    The Mercury    DailyMail   

[200] Yu, J., Menviel, L., Jin, Z.D., Anderson, R.F., Jian, Z., Piotrowski, A.M., Ma, X., Rohling, E.J., Zhang, F., Marino, G., and McManus, J. Last glacial atmospheric CO2 decline due to widespread Pacific deep water expansion. Nature Geoscience, 13, 628–633, 2020.   pdf    News&Views
[201] Sherwood, S., Webb, M.J., Annan, J.D., Armour, K.C., Forster, P.M., Hargreaves, J.C., Hegerl, G., Klein, S.A., Marvel, K.D., Rohling, E.J., Watanabe, M., Andrews, T., Braconnot, P., Bretherton, C.S., Foster, G.L., Hausfather, Z., von der Heydt, A.S., Knutti, R., Mauritsen, T., Norris, J.R., Proistosescu, C., Rugenstein, M., Schmidt, G.A., Tokarska, K.B., and Zelinka, M.D. An assessment of Earth’s climate sensitivity using multiple lines of evidence. Reviews of Geophysics, 58, e2019RG000678, 2020.   link   pdf    DATA and CODE    Science    The Conversation1   The Conversation2   Washington Post   New York Times   Carbon Brief   ArsTechnica   RealClimate   Cosmos   The Guardian   Scientific American   Science Daily   AZO Cleantech   The Atlantic   Sydney Morning Herald   Blueskies Research    Elected “Runner-up breakthrough of the year 2020” in Science, 370 (6523), p. 1403    TOP CITED ARTICLE 2020-2021
       [xxx] Sherwood, S., Rohling, E., and Marvel, K. The climate won’t warm as much as we feared – but it will warm more than we hoped. The Conversation, July 23, 2020.   link

[202] Qian, Y., Roberts, A.P., Liu, Y., Hu, P., Zhao, X., Heslop, D., Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Hennekam, R., and Li, J. Assessment and integration of bulk and component-specific methods for identifying mineral magnetic components in environmental magnetism. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 125, e2019JB019024, 2020.   pdf

[203] Noble, T., Rohling, E.J., Aitken, A.R.A, Bostock, H.C., Chase, Z., Gomez, N., Jong, L.M., King, M.A., Mackintosh, A.N., McCormack, F.S., McKay, R.M., Menviel, L., Phipps, S.J., Fogwill, C.J., Gayen, B., Golledge, N.R., Gwyther, D.E., Hogg, A.McC., Martos, Y.M., Pena-Molino, B., Roberts, J., van de Flierdt, T., Weber, M.E., and Williams, T. The sensitivity of the Antarctic Ice Sheet to a changing climate: past, present, and future. Reviews of Geophysics, 58, e2019RG000663, 2020.   link    pdf  

       [xxx] Noble, T.L., Rohling, E.J., and McCormack, F.S. Antarctica in a Changing Climate. EOS, 101, November 12, 2020.    link    pdf

[204] Ao, H., Rohling, E.J., Stringer, C., Roberts, A.P., Dekkers, M.J., Dupont-Nivet, G., Yu, J., Liu, Q., Zhang, P., Liu, Z., Ma, X., Zhou, W., Jin, Z., Xiao, G., Wang, H., Sun, Q., Yang, P., Peng, X., Shi, Z., Qiang, X., and An, Z. Two-stage mid-Brunhes climate transition and mid-Pleistocene human diversification. Earth Science Reviews, 210, 103354, 2020.   pdf

[205] Ao, H., Dupont-Nivet, G., Rohling, E.J., Zhang, P., Ladant, J.-B, Roberts, A.P., Licht, A., Liu, Q., Liu, Z., Dekkers, M.J., Coxall, H.K., Jin, Z., Huang, C., Xiao, G., Poulsen, C.J., Barbolini, N., Meijer, N., Sun, Q., Qiang, X., Yao, J., and An, Z. Dynamics of the Eocene–Oligocene climate transition on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Nature Communications, 11, 5249, 2020.   pdf


[206] Zhao, C.,  Rohling, E.J., Liu Zhengyu, Yang Xiaoqiang, Zhang, E., Cheng, J., Liu Zhonghui, An, Z., Yang Xiangdong, Feng, X., Sun, X., Zhang, C., Yan, T., Long, H., Yan, H., Yu, Z., Liu, W., Yu, S.-Y., and Shen, J. Possible obliquity-forced warmth in southern Asia during the last glacial stage. Science Bulletin, 66, 1136–1145, 2021.    link 

[207] Long, K., Heslop, D., and Rohling, E.J. Quantitative assessment of the oxygen isotope composition of fish otoliths from Lake Mungo, Australia. Quaternary Research, 102, 234–246, 2021.    pdf    link

[208] Wu, Y., Roberts, A.P., Grant, K.M., Heslop, D., Pillans, B.J., Zhao, X., Rohling, E.J., Ronge, T.A., Ma, M., Hesse, P.P., and Palmer, A.S. Climatically modulated dust inputs from New Zealand to the Southwest Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean over the last 410 kyr. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 36, e2020PA003949, 2021.    link    pdf

[209] Rohling, E.J., Brown, M.,  Eakin, H., Eom, J., and von der Heydt, A. Rationale and remit of Oxford Open Climate Change (Editorial). Oxford Open Climate Change, 1, OP-OXFL210001 1 kgab001, 2021.   link

[210] Rohling, E.J., Yu, J., Heslop, D., Foster, G.L., Opdyke, B., and Roberts, A.P. Sea-level and deep-sea temperature reconstructions suggest quasi-stable states and critical transitions over the past 40 million years. Science Advances, 7, eabf5326, 2021.   link   pdf    Supplement     Data based on Westerhold     Data based on LR04    NOAA datafile based on WH    NOAA datafile based on LR04     R scripts and source data for the LR04 and Westerhold based reconstructions: (README    LR04script   LR04data   WHscript    WHdata)

[211] Buss, W., Yeates, K., Rohling, E.J., and Borevitz, J. Enhancing natural cycles in agro-ecosystems to boost plant carbon capture and soil storage. Oxford Open Climate Change, 1, kgab006, 2021.   link    pdf

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J., Borevitz, J., Boyd, P., Brent, K., Chase, Z., Menviel, L., Metternicht, G., Roberts, A.P., and Turney, C. The future is now: how the ocean can help us solve the climate crisis. The Mandarin, 28 July, 2021.   link    pdf

[212] Gernon, T.M., Hincks, T.K., Merdith, A.S., Rohling, E.J., Palmer, M.R., Foster, G.L., Bataille, C.P., Müller, R.D. Global chemical weathering dominated by continental arcs since the mid-Paleozoic. Nature Geoscience, 14, 690–696, 2021.   link    pdf

[213] Qian, Y., Heslop, D., Roberts, A.P., Hu, P., Zhao, X, Liu, Y., Li, J., Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J. Low-temperature magnetic properties of marine sediments – quantifying magnetofossils, superparamagnetism, and maghemitization: eastern Mediterranean examples. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 126, e2021JB0217932021, 2021.  link     pdf  

[214] Rohling, E.J. Rebalancing our climate: the future starts today. Oxford University Press, 303 pp., 2021.  ISBN: 978-0-19-750255-6   OUP release page     TEDx Rawatpur talk on YouTube     TEDx Rawatpur talk via TED link    booklaunch presentation

[215] Ao, H., Rohling, E.J., Zhang, R., Roberts, A.P., Holbourn, A.E., Ladant, J.-B., Dupont-Nivet, G., Kuhnt, W., Zhang, P., Wu, F., Dekkers, M.J., Liu, Q., Liu, Z., Xu, Y., Poulsen, C.J., Licht, A., Sun, Q., Chiang, J.C.H., Liu, X., Wu, G., Ma, C., Zhou, W., Jin, Z., Li, X., Li, X., Peng, X., Qiang, X., and An, Z. Global warming-induced Asian hydrological climate transition across the Miocene–Pliocene boundary. Nature Communications, 12, 6935, 2021.   link    pdf


[216] Grant, K.M., Amarathunga, U., Amies, J.D., Hu, P.X., Qian, Y., Penny, T., Rodriguez- Sanz, L., Zhao, X., Heslop, D., Liebrand, D., Hennekam, R., Westerhold, T., Gilmore, S., Lourens, L.J., Roberts, A.P., and Rohling, E.J. Organic carbon burial in Mediterranean sapropels intensified during Green Sahara Periods since 3.2 Myr ago. Communications: Earth and Environment, 3, 11, 2022.   link    pdf     DATA  

[217] Buss, W., Wurzer, C., Manning, D.A.C., Rohling, E.J., Borevitz, J., and Mašek, O. Mineral-enriched biochar delivers enhanced nutrient recovery and carbon dioxide removal. Communications: Earth and Environment, 3, 67, 2022.   link   pdf    

[218] Bolton, C.T., Gray, E., Kuhnt, W., Holbourn, A.E., Lübbers, J., Grant, K., Tachikawa, K., Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Sarr, A.-C., and Andersen, N. Secular and orbital-scale variability of equatorial Indian Ocean summer monsoon winds during the late Miocene. Climate of the Past, 18, 713-738, 2022.    link    pdf

[219] Sergiou, S., Geraga, M., Rohling, E.J., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Hadjisolomou, E., Sakellariou, D., Paraschos, F., and Bailey, G. Influences of sea level changes and the South Asian Monsoon on the southern Red Sea oceanography over the last 30 ka. Quaternary Research, 2022, 1–19, doi:10.1017/qua.2022.16, 2022.    pdf

[220] Amarathunga, U., Hogg, A.McC., Rohling, E.J., Roberts, A.P., Grant, K.M., Heslop, D., Hu, P., Liebrand, D., Westerhold, T., and Zhao, X. Sill-controlled salinity contrasts followed post-Messinian flooding of the Mediterranean. Nature Geoscience, 15, 720–725 , 2022.    pdf    News&Views    Cosmos Magazine    Press Release    Tech Networks    PhysOrg    IFL Science 

[221] Incarbona, A., Marino, G., Di Stefano, E., Grelaud, M., Pelosi, N., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., and Rohling, E.J. Middle-Late Pleistocene Eastern Mediterranean nutricline depth and coccolith preservation linked to Monsoon activity and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Global and Planetary Change, 217, 103946, 2022.    pdf

[222] Piedrahita, V., Galeotti, S., Zhao, X., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Heslop, D., Florindo, F., Grant, K.M., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Reghellin, D., and Zeebe, R. Orbital phasing of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 598, 117839, Orbital phasing of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum 2022.    pdf

[223] Hennekam, R., Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Tjallingii, R., Heslop, D., Roberts, A.P., Lourens, L.J., and Reichart, G.-J. Accurately calibrated X-ray fluorescence core scanning (XRF-CS) record of Ti ∕ Al reveals Early Pleistocene aridity and humidity variability over North Africa and its close relationship to low-latitude insolation. Climate of the Past, 18, 2509–2521, 2022.    pdf    link
[224] Sergiou, S., Geraga, M., Rohling, E.J., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Prandekou, A., Noti, A., Paraschos, F., Sakellariou, D., and Bailey, G. The evolution of seafloor environmental conditions in the southern Red Sea continental shelf during the last 30 ka. Marine Micropaleontology, 177, 102181, 2022.    link

[225] Rohling, E.J., Foster, G.L., Gernon, T.M., Grant, K.M., Heslop, D., Hibbert, F.D., Roberts, A.P., and Yu, J. Comparison and synthesis of sea-level and deep-sea temperature variations over the past 40 million years. Reviews of Geophysics, 60, e2022RG000775, 2022.     pdf    link    DATA via figshare - corrupted B column    DATA via direct link - age column B repaired


[226] Lionello, P., Giorgi, F., Rohling, E.J., Seager, R. Chapter 3: Mediterranean climate: past, present and future, in: Schroeder, K., and Chiggiato, J. (eds.) Oceanography of the Mediterranean Sea: an introductory guide, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 41–91, 2023.    link  

[227] Ao, H., Rohling, E.J., Li, Xinzhou, Song, Y., Roberts, A.P., Han, Y., Poulsen, C.J., Jonell, T.N., Sun, Q., Li, Xinxia, Qiang, X., Zhang, P., and Dekkers, M.J. Northern Hemisphere ice sheet expansion intensified glacial climate in Asia across the mid-Pleistocene transition. Communications: Earth and Environment, 4, 36, 2023.   link    pdf

[228] Wang, D., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Yao, W., Zhong, Y., Yao, Z., Lu, Y., and Liu, Q. Eastern equatorial Pacific dust fertilization and source weathering influences on Eocene to Miocene global CO2 decline. Communications: Earth and Environment, 4, 37, 2023.   link   pdf

[229] Piedrahita, V.A., Zhao, X., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Heslop, D., Galeotti, S., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Florindo, F., and Grant, K.M. Ocean acidification and carbon sequestration timescales following Paleocene-Eocene carbon cycle perturbations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 604, 117992, 2023.   pdf  

[230] Rohling, E.J. Marine methods for carbon dioxide removal: fundamentals and myth-busting for the wider community. Oxford Open Climate Change, 3, kgad004, 2023.   link   pdf 

        [xxx] ANU valedictorian

[231] Gai, C., Wu, J., Roberts, A.P., Heslop, D., Rohling, E.J., Shi, Z., Liu, J., Zhong, Y., Liu, Y., and Liu, Q. Heterogenous westerly shifts linked to Atlantic meridional overturning circulation slowdowns. Communications: Earth and Environment, 4, 325, 2023.   pdf

[232] Yu, J., Anderson, R.F., Jin, Z.D., Ji, X., Thornalley, D.J.R., Wu, L., Thouveny, N., Cai, Y., Tan, L., Zhang, F., Menviel, L., Tian, J., Xie, X., Rohling, E.J., and McManus, J. Millennial atmospheric CO2 changes linked to ocean ventilation modes over past 150,000 years. Nature Geoscience, 16, 1166–1173, 2023.   link    pdf

[233] Heslop, D., Amarathunga, U., and Rohling, E.J. Estimating Plio-Pleistocene North African monsoon runoff into the Mediterranean Sea and temperature impacts. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 38, e2023PA004677, 2023.   pdf

        [xxx] Rohling, E.J., and von der Heydt, A. Editorial on Hansen et al. ‘Global warming in the pipeline’. Oxford Open Climate Change, 3, kgad010, 2023.


[234] Krijgsman, W., Rohling, E.J., Palcu, D.V., Raad, F., Amarathunga, U., Flecker, R., Florindo, F., Roberts, A.P., Sierro, F.J., and Aloisi, G. Causes and consequences of the Messinian salinity crisis. Nature Reviews Earth and Environment,, 2024.    link    frontpage pdf

[235] Wang, D., Chen, Y., Liu, Y., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Zhang, X., Li, J., Yao, W., Tan, X., and Liu, Q. Bacterial magnetofossil evidence for enhanced Pacific respired carbon storage during build-up of Antarctic glaciation. Geology, in press, 2024.

[236] Gernon, T.M., Mills, B.J.W., Hincks, T.K., Merdith, A.S., Alcott, L.J., Rohling, E.J., and Palmer, M.R. Solid Earth forcing of oceanic anoxic events. Nature Geoscience, in press, 2024.

[237] Amarathunga, U., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K.M., Francke, A., Hutchingson, D.K., Latimer, J., Klaebe, R.M., Heslop, D., and Roberts, A.P. A 0.5 million-year North African humid period within the Pliocene. Nature Geoscience, in press, 2024.

[238] Gernon, T.M., Hincks, T.K., Tyrell, T, Rohling, E.J., and Palmer, M.R. Forum Comment: Submarine volcanism along shallow ridges did not drive Cryogenian cap carbonate formation. Geology, in press, 2024.



Hu, H.-M., Marino, G., Pérez-Mejías, C., Spötl, C., Yokoyama, Y, Yu, J., Rohling, E.J., Kano, A., Ludwig, P., Pinto, J.G., Michel, V., Valensi, P., Zhang, X., Jiang, X., Mii, H.-S., Chien, W.-Y, Tsai, H.-S., Sung, W.-H, Hsu, C.-H, Starnini, E., Zunino, M., and Shen, C.-C. Anomalously intense MIS 11c interglacial tied to insolation-driven warming of the subtropical North Atlantic (Nature Communications).

Zhang, Z., Rohling, E.J., Kemp, D.B., Wang, Z., and  Huang, C. Orbital-scale global ocean temperature coupling with cryosphere-carbon cycle changes over the past 4 million years (Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology).

Amarathunga, U., Brocks, J.J., Meijer, P.T., Hope, J.M., Zachariasse, W.J., Hennekam, R., van der Hoeven, I., Roehl, U., Rule, S., Troitzsch, U., Haberle, S., Sluijs, A., Grant, K.M., Krijgsman, W., Roberts, A.P., Garcia-Castellanos, D., McC. Hogg, A., Reichart, G.J., and Rohling, E.J. Transient oxygenation of the Mediterranean after the Zanclean megaflood (Nature Communications).

Piedrahita, V.A., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Heslop, D., Zhao, X., Galeotti, S., Florindo, F., Grant, K.M., Hu, P., and Li, J. Dry hydroclimates in the late Palaeocene-early Eocene hothouse world (Nature Communications)

Alberti, T., Florindo, F., Rohling, E.J., Lucarini, V., and Faranda, D. Dimensional analysis identifies contrasting dynamics of past climate states and critical transitions (NPJ Climate and Atmospheric Science).

Heslop, D., Rohling, E.J., Foster, G.L., and Yu, J. Errors-in-variables estimation of specific climate sensitivity (Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology).

Buss, W., Hasemer, H., Rohling E.J., Borevitz, J. Mineral use for synergistic formation of inorganic, soil organic, and biochar carbon (Communications: Earth and Environment).
Rohling, E.J., Gernon, T.M., Heslop, D., Reichart, G.J., Roberts, A.P., and Yu, J. Implications of the discrepancy between deep-sea temperatures from proxies and from benthic oxygen isotope deconvolution (Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology).

Hu, H.-M., Marino, G. Sánchez Goñi, M.F., Rohling, E.J., Rodrigues, T., Perez-Mejías, C., Jiang, X., Michel, V., Valensi, P., Starnini, E., Zunino, M., Salonen, J.S., Hsieh, C.-J., Chaigneau, B., Chevalier, M., and Shen, C.-C. Protracted glacial terminations lead to high rates of sea-level rise (tbd).


(1) High-resolution investigation of ocean/climate changes during the Neogene, and in particular the Quaternary, to determine the nature, timing and magnitude of natural climate variability. This interest span the globe, but is generally focussed on marginal seas and anoxic deposits. Because of their small volume and restricted communication with the open ocean, marginal seas show virtually immediate responses to climatic perturbations, in an amplified fashion, and they therefore represent excellent monitoring sites for even the smallest climate perturbations. Anoxic sediments are of interest because of the lack of bioturbation, which allows very high sampling resolutions, and because they represent an extreme response to (climatic) changes in buoyancy forcing. Studies of the Mediterranean and Red Sea basins have provided many insights that transcend regional boundaries, such as: timing, phasing and intensity of variability in the monsoons and the westerlies; sensitivity of thermohaline systems to climatic variability; nutrient storage and recycling in stratified systems; ecological responses to adverse conditions; and quantitative assessments of the applicability of stable oxygen isotopes for palaeosalinity reconstructions. The immediate global impact of marginal-seas research is especially evident from our new, independent, high-resolution (~200 years) method for global sea-level reconstruction, based on Red Sea δ18O records.

(2) Theoretical and applied (integrated with proxy records) modelling of present-day and past states of circulation and property distribution. This aspect focusses especially on the potential for quantification of natural processes from (palaeo-) oceanographic proxies, including realistic confidence intervals. The work ranges across purely theoretical (“what if”) considerations, targeted simulation of observed changes, and aspects concerned with quantitative interpretation of proxy data. A strong component in this modelling concerns the robustness of simulated results, since a solution that depends too much on small changes/uncertainties in the essential assumptions may not be very significant. Hence, sensitivity testing and expression of confidence limits play a key role in the modelling efforts.

(3) Theoretical and practical/analytical research on the use of conservative properties and δ18O to trace deep-water formation, advection and mixing processes in the modern ocean. This mainly concerns theoretical arguments and new interpretations of existing data sets. Collaborative examples include: an evaluation of the nature of salinity changes in the Mediterranean Sea during the last 50 years; a study of deep-water formation processes in the Japan Sea based on using a combination of noble gas and stable isotope analyses; and assessments of the potential for use of oxygen isotope ratios to track temporal changes in salinity. Part of the latter included the compilation of a global stable oxygen isotope distribution database that was used in validation of a present-day to last glacial maximum global modelling study, and which now forms part of a database held for public access at

(4) Assessment of changes in deep-sea ventilation states and nutrient distribution mechanisms, the interactions with the organic and inorganic carbon cycle, and the impact of ecological responses on proxy records. This work concerns fundamental aspects that underlie the reconstructions and modelling projects listed above. It specifically focusses on climate-driven changes in the mechanisms and timing of nutrient loading and availability for production (by nutricline shoaling). This includes the development of non-steady state arguments between nutrient recharge and nutrient utilisation, and the development of a deeper understanding of carbon burial fluxes and their ecological impacts at the sea floor.

(5) Integration of Holocene palaeoclimate research with archaeological records. There now exist sufficient high-resolution palaeoceanographic/climatic records from the eastern Mediterranean to Arabian Sea region to allow accurate comparisons of the signals with those in the archaeological record of the Near and Middle East. Correlations between the different types of records are established by using a combination of radiocarbon dating, ash-layer correlations, pollen records, and (climatic) event stratigraphy, involving experts from all relevant disciplines. This line of work offers interesting feedback from an entirely different line of science, which improves communication and interaction across disciplinary boundaries and helps to fuel new ideas and re-evaluation of traditional interpretations.




Research Assistants and Research Fellows


past functions

Some selected foram SEM photos: truncatulinoides1    truncatulinoides2    universa

last update: 17-May-2024